James McClintock

Professor, Physiology & Ecology of Aquatic & Marine Invertebrates


(205) 975-2525
(205) 975-6097

Ph.D. (Biology), 1984, University of South Florida

Research Description:

My research interests are in the areas of invertebrate chemical ecology, reproduction, nutrition and physiology, particularly in marine invertebrates. My students and I are specifically interested in employing an integrative approach to study how invertebrates function in their environments.

Various species possess highly diverse modes of chemical defense, reproduction and nutrient acquisition, even within the same habitat. A variety of information is necessary to provide reasonable ecological and evolutionary explanations for this diversity.

My past studies have focused on aspects of optimal foraging theory, the effects of environmental variables such as temperature and salinity on larval development, and the role of photoperiod in regulating gametogenesis and somatic growth. Moreover, a number of my past studies have investigated the relative allocation of materials and energy to specific tissues in order to provide a means of evaluating how invertebrates allocate limited resources to function efficiently in their particular environment. Currently I am continuing with my studies of the chemical ecology of marine invertebrates, with an emphasis on those found in Antarctic environments. These studies are focused on understanding the role of marine invertebrate secondary metabolites in mediating patterns of fouling, overgrowth and predation. I plan to continue with an expand upon all of the work described above, taking advantage of the rich diversity of freshwater, estuarine and marine environments of the southeastern United States.

Representative Publications (for a full list, see Dr. McClintock's CV):

McClintock, J.B. and B.J. Baker. 1998. Chemical ecology in Antarctic seas. American Scientist 86, 254-263.

McClintock, J.B. and B.J. Baker. 2001. Marine Chemical Ecology. CRC Press, Boca Rotan, Florida, 610

McClintock, J.B., M.O. Amsler, C.D. Amsler, K.J. Southworth, C. Petrie and B.J. Baker. 2004. Biochemical composition, energy content and chemical antifeedant and antifoulant defenses of the colonial Antarctic ascidian Distaplia cylindrica. Marine Biology 145, 885-894.

McClintock, J.B., R.A. Angus and F.E. McClintock. 2007. Abundance, diversity and fidelity of macroinvertebrates sheltering beneath rocks during tidal emersion in an intertidal cobble field: Does the intermediate disturbance hypothesis hold for less exposed shores with smaller rocks? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 352, 351-360.

McClintock, J., H. Ducklow and B. Fraser. 2008. Ecological impacts of climate change on the Antarctic Peninsula. American Scientist 96, 302-310.

McClintock, J.B., Christina Ho, R.A. Angus and C.D. Amsler. 2008. Intraspecific agonistic arm-fencing behavior in the Antarctic keystone sea star Odontaster validus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 371, 297-300.

antarica Penguin

Antarctica Climate Change Project