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Davey receives best doctoral paper award
Davey receives best doctoral paper award
Davey’s paper explores the role of transformational leadership on voluntary nursing turnover and the effects of job characteristics.

kim davey

A paper by Kimberly Sanders Davey, Ph.D., instructor in the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing, has been named the best doctoral paper in the health care management, hospitality management and public administration track by the Southern Management Association.

Davey’s paper, “The Role of Transformational Leadership on Voluntary Nursing Turnover,” explores the role of transformational leadership on voluntary nursing turnover and the mediating effects of job characteristics.

Davey accepted her award during the SMA Annual Meeting in Savannah, Georgia, held Nov. 11-15.

UAB Circulation Research paper is one of year’s top five
UAB Circulation Research paper is one of year’s top five
Research revealing new evidence about the role of the spleen following heart attack will be honored during the AHA scientific meeting Nov. 15-19.

circulation webClick to enlarge the letterTwo University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers will receive awards from the journal Circulation Research for writing one of the five most outstanding papers of the past year.

Ameen Ismahil, Ph.D., and Sumanth Prabhu, M.D., of the Division of Cardiovascular Disease in the UAB Department of Medicine are the first and last authors of an article — published last January — that showed splenocytes are intricately involved in the heart failure that follows an infarction in a mouse-model system. One of their lines of evidence was that adoptive transfer of the heart-failure splenocytes into healthy mice led to systolic dysfunction and heart “remodeling,” the cardiovascular disease term for deleterious changes in shape, size and function.

Ismahil and Prabhu provided, “… exciting new evidence implicating the spleen in the immunoinflammatory response after myocardial infarction,” said Nikolaos Frangogiannis, M.D., Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in the accompanying editorial in Circulation Research. But the significance of such mouse research ultimately will depend on “whether the spleen significantly contributes to the inflammatory and remodeling responses in human patients,” Frangogiannis wrote. Indeed, the UAB team is in the initial stages of expanding the observations in mice to humans with ischemic heart failure.

While people can live without their spleen, the organ has several important roles. It keeps a reserve supply of blood and helps remove old red blood cells, and in a surprising 2009 mouse-model study, the spleen was found to act as a reservoir for proinflammatory monocytes after myocardial infarction.

The judges for Circulation Research’s 2014 Best Manuscript Awards looked for “high standards of scientific excellence in terms of novelty, impact and methodology,” said Roberto Bolli, M.D., editor-in-chief, in a letter to Ismahil and Prabhu. They also looked at the number of online downloads. Papers published between July 2013 and June 2014 were eligible for consideration.

Ismahil is a research associate in Cardiovascular Disease and Prabhu is the division chair and director of UAB’s Comprehensive Cardiovascular Center. Other authors on the paper, titled “Remodeling of the Mononuclear Phagocyte Network Underlies Chronic Inflammation and Disease Progression in Heart Failure: Critical Importance of the Cardiosplenic Axis,” are Tariq Hamid, Ph.D., Shyam Bansal, Ph.D., and Bindiya Patel, all in UAB’s Division of Cardiovascular Disease, and Justin Kingery, M.D., Ph.D., of the Department of Medicine, University of Louisville.

The awards will be given at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2014, which meets Nov. 15-19 in Chicago. Read a previous UAB News story about the article here.

400 of area’s underserved, homeless take part in UAB Dentistry Cares Day
400 of area’s underserved, homeless take part in UAB Dentistry Cares Day
More than 500 volunteers provide dental care at an event like very few around the country.

dentistry cares 2014Around 400 underserved and homeless people in the Birmingham area received teeth cleanings, restorations and extractions at no cost as part of the second UAB Dentistry Cares Day, which took place Wednesday, Nov. 5, at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry.

Organized by the UAB School of Dentistry, more than 500 volunteers took part in the charitable event, including partners from the UAB School of Nursing, One Roof, Cahaba Valley Health Care, and other local dentists, health agencies and companies.

“This has quickly become a real highlight for us after just two years,” said Michael Reddy, DMD, D.M.Sc., dean of UAB’s School of Dentistry. “UAB Dentistry Cares brings the community together to serve those in need and to try to educate all of us on the importance of oral health and how it affects our overall health. The fact that we have so many students, faculty, staff, alumni and state health organizations involved in this endeavor for the second year in a row, to help those who may be a little down on their luck, is really a testament to the people of our university and the Birmingham community.”

UAB is among very few dental schools in the country to host this type of benevolent event. Along with dental care, all of those who took part in UAB Dentistry Cares received oral health counseling, blood pressure checks and oral cancer screenings.

More than half of adults ages 20 to 64 below the federal poverty level report their teeth are in either fair or poor condition, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Less than 50 percent of these adults see a dentist regularly. Additionally, Alabama Medicaid provides no dental coverage for adults over age 21, so low-income people have limited access to dental services in this state.

“This event helps raise awareness of the increasing difficulty low-income adults face in accessing critical dental care, and challenges dental professionals to work together to improve the oral health of the citizens of Alabama and beyond,” said Conan Davis, DMD, assistant dean for Community Collaborations and Public Health in the School of Dentistry. “As dental and health care experts, we have been given skills, abilities and resources, and we believe it is part of our duty to give back to the community.”

Approximately 300 of those treated were from homeless shelters; others had no means or access to oral health care.

This year, UAB partnered with the dental clinics at the Christ Health Center, The Foundry and Jefferson County Department of Health as treatment provider sites. These new event partners joined the School of Dentistry, along with the UAB School of Nursing, Cahaba Valley Health Care, the Fortis Institute School of Dental Hygiene, the Samford School of Pharmacy and many local volunteers, to meet the urgent dental needs of attendees. Referrals to local dentists and dental clinics also were made available.

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