Injury Related News and Research
October 2009 UAB researchers find drivers need more information about affect of medication on ability to drive safely
Some 77 percent of drivers age 75 and older surveyed were unaware of the impact that medications may have on their driving performance, according to research from the UAB Center for Injury Sciences. Yet this group was most likely to have multiple medical conditions and be taking multiple medications. Paul MacLennan, Ph.D., assistant professor of surgery at UAB and the lead study author, said increased knowledge and awareness by health professionals who can offer suggestion on modifying behavior and increased patient education by pharmacists will help reduce risks.
September 2009UAB designated as Alabama's only Level 1 trauma center
UAB and Children's Hospital of Alabama Named State Leaders for National Pediatric Brain Injury Network
UAB ICRC investigator, Andrea Underhill, PhD, recently made two presentations at the UAB Health Disparities Research Symposium held Wednesday, April 29, 2009 in Birmingham, AL. This symposium was sponsored by the UAB Minority Health and Health Disparities Research Center.
During Break-out Session IV - Outcomes/Health Services Research, Dr. Underhill presented Twenty Four Month Survival of Men and Women after Traumatic Brain Injury. This oral presentation was followed up by a poster presentation entitled Functional Independence and Employment Status of Men and Women Twelve and Twenty Four Months after Traumatic Brain Injury. Data for the presentations were taken from the ICRC's longest running research project, A Longitudinal Study of Rehabilitation Outcomes, and the work was co-authored by Drs. John Waterbor, Philip R. (Russ) Fine, Jeffrey Kerby, Steven LoBello and Gerald McGwin.
For more information about the presentations or A Longitudinal Study of Rehabilitation Outcomes, please contact Dr. Underhill at Andrea.Underhill@ccc.uab.edu
|Dr. Owsley received her undergraduate degree from Wheaton College, Massachusetts in 1975 in psychology. She received a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from Cornell University in 1980 specializing in sensation and perception. She did post-doctoral training in vision and aging at Northwestern University and in epidemiology at UAB where she received a M.S.P.H. Owsley is director of the Clinical l Research Unit in Ophthalmology and is a Senior Scientific Investigator for Research to Prevent Blindness. Her research focuses on aging, eye disease, and vision impairment. She joined the UAB faculty in 1982.
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc. (ARVO) was founded in 1928 in Washington, DC by 73 ophthalmologists. Its mission is to encourage and assist research, training, publication, and dissemination of knowledge in vision and ophthalmology.
The UAB-ICRC was able to help promote transportation-related research by providing modest financial support for several participants in the 2009 National Injury and Violence Prevention Research Conference, " From Discovery to Practice: Innovative Translational Approaches to Injury Prevention and Care."
The conference, held March 5-6, 2009, in Atlanta, Ga., was sponsored by the CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, The Society for Advancement of Violence and Injury Research, and the Emory University Center for Injury Control. The target audience included injury researchers and those with a close association with injury research, including epidemiologists, biostatisticians, engineers, economists, psychologists, clinicians, other health professionals and students.
In its continued efforts to support students in research and to encourage those students to pursue transportation-related careers, the UAB ICRC provided support for
The UAB-ICRC sponsored and co-sponsored presentations at the conference were (student names in bold):
Self vs. Proxy Ratings on the FIM in Traumatic Brain Injury.
Caregiver Treatment Impact on Disabled Female Care Recipients.
Caregiver Treament Impact on TBI Care Recipient Depression.
Twenty Four Month Survival of Men and Women After Traumatic Brain Injury.
Left to Right: Dr. Laura Dreer, Dr. Jack Berry, and Dr. Andrea Underhill at SAVIR 2009.
Risky driver/passenger intentions across elementary, middle and high school students.
Nita Hestevold, Nancy Rhodes, Debra McCallum
Social norms predict students' intention to drink and drive.
Debra McCallum, Nita Hestevold, Nancy Rhodes
The social dynamics of teen driver/passenger interaction. (Podium presentation)
Nita Hestevold, Nancy Rhodes, Kelly Pivik, Amie Edison
Influence of carrying a backpack on pedestrian safety.
Danielle D. Pitts, Despina Stavrinos, David Schwebel
Visual inattention in ADHD and risky pedestrian behavior.
Megan Knauss, Despina Stavrinos, Shandrea Pendleton, Desiree de Jong, David Schwebel
How temperament and ADHD predict child pedestrian injury.
Shandrea Pendleton, Despina Stavrinos, Renea Cotney, Kevin Bridgmon, David Schwebel
Injury behavior checklist validation: Children with ADHD.
Renea Cotney, Despina Stavrinos, Megan E. Knauss, Krystle White, David Schwebel
The role of cell phones in college pedestrian injury risk.
Despina Stavrinos, Katherine W. Byington, Tiffany Davis, David Schwebel
Information discovery support for the translation approach.
Dana Steil, David Brown
Adolescent Weapon Carrying and Conflict Management Skills.
Alexis M. Inabinet, John Bolland, Mark Beasley
Do Canes and Walkers Prevent Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults?
Richard Allman, Patricia Sawyer, Cynthia J. Brown, Ali Ahmed
The Association Between Usual Sleep Duration and Occupational Injury
Russell Griffin, Gerald McGwin
The Impact of a Mature, Urban Trauma System on Homicide Rates.
Hugh Schoff, Russell Griffin, Loring Rue, Gerald McGwin
Head-Abbreviated Injury Scale is an Unreliable Measure for the Presence of Brain Injury.
Marianne J. Vandromme, Paul MacLennan, Russell Griffin, Michael Minor, Loring W. Rue, Jeffrey D. Kerby
Do Simulated Drownings Improve Lifeguard Surveillance?
Heather R. Norris, Erika Holder, Francesca Marciani, Jennifer Dick, David Schwebel
Wound Healing Treatment Development for Spinal Cord Injury.
McCauley JF, Feldman DF, Pereboeva L
Adolescent Weapon Brandishment and Perception of Danger.
Alexis M. Inabinet, John Bolland, Mark Beasley
Comparing Lifeguard Efectiveness In Low Versus High Income Community Pools.
Erika Holder, Heather R. Norris, Francesca Marciani, Jennifer Dick, David Schwebel
The Effect of Intra-hospital Trauma Volume Status on Patient Outcomes.
Andrew Land, Russell Griffin, Gerlad McGwin, Paul MacLennan, Loring W. Rue
UAB-ICRC study finds that cell phones are dangerous for child pedestrians
To read more please click here
*Video courtesy of UAB Media Relations
|In this UAB Media Relations production Dr. Karlene Ball discusses potential uses of the UAB Driving Simulator|
|The Society of Pediatric Psychology names UAB ICRC Graduate Researcher Despina Stavrinos the SPP/CDC Injury Prevention Student Researcher of the Year|
UAB-ICRC Scientists Present At Annual Mid-Winter Rehabilitation Psychology Conference
To view copies of posters prestented please click here
CELL PHONES ARE DANGEROUS FOR CHILD PEDESTRIANS, UAB STUDY FINDS
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. - Children who talk on cell phones while crossing streets are at a higher risk for injuries or death in a pedestrian accident, said psychologists at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) in a new study that will appear in the February issue of Pediatrics. Cell phones clearly offer convenience and safeguards to families, but they also may pose risk," they said, “particularly when children attempt to multitask while conversing on the cell phone and have reduced cognitive capacity to devote to potentially dangerous activities such as crossing streets.
For the study, researchers used a virtual reality software program and three screens to display an actual Birmingham-area crosswalk with simulated vehicles of different sizes traveling on the virtual street.The psychologists found that all of the children - even those who were experienced with talking on cell phones, crossing streets or rated as highly attentive - were more likely to exhibit risky behaviors when they crossed the virtual street while talking on a cell phone. Specifically, it took the children who were on a cell phone 20 percent longer to begin crossing the street, and they were 43 percent more likely to be hit by a vehicle or have a close call in the virtual environment. In addition, the children looked both ways 20 percent fewer times before crossing the street and gave themselves 8 percent less time to cross safely in front of oncoming traffic when they were on the cell phone.
The study was published by UAB doctoral student Despina Stavrinos, M.S., under the direction of UAB psychologist David Schwebel, Ph.D. UAB graduate student Katherine Byington also contributed to the study. In this study, 77 children, aged 10-11, completed simulated street crossings in the virtual environment. They were asked to cross the virtual street six times without a cell phone and six times while talking on a cell phone with an unfamiliar research assistant. The UAB researchers asked the children to cross the virtual street when they believed it was safe. The children stepped from the "curb", onto a pad with a pressure switch electronically connected to a computer, and the system registered the precise moment they entered the; "street".
Cell phones are quickly becoming ubiquitous among American schoolchildren, the UAB psychologists wrote. "Commercial interests actively market cell phones for children, and marketing research firms estimate that 54 percent of children 8-12 will have cell phones by the end of [this year,] double the 2006 rate. Just as drivers should limit cell phone use while driving, pedestrians, and especially child pedestrians, should avoid using cell phone while crossing streets", the UAB researchers said. More research is needed to determine the impact that texting, listening to mp3 players and talking to peers has on children's ability cross streets safely, they said.
The study was partially supported by the UAB Injury Control Research Center through a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and a cooperative agreement with the Federal Highway Administration.
Media Contact: Gail Short
The Birmingham News highlights the reasearch of UAB-ICRC Domain Director, Dr. John BollandClick here to read the article
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September 2, 2009-12:00 UAB-ICRC Puberty, Parents, and Peer in Adolescent Externalizing Behavior: Findings from Healthy Passages
Dr. Sylvie Mrug