Froelich sqcr

Tenured Professor

Division: Multispecialty Anesthesia, Obstetrics

Clinical Interests: obstetric anesthesia; pain medicine

Contact Information: or 205-934-4704

Curriculum Vitae

Education and Training

·         University of Florida, MS in Clinical Investigation, 2004

·         University of Vienna Austria, Europe, Medical Doctor, 1988

·         University of Munich, Internship in Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, 1990

·         Emory University, Anesthesiology Residency, 1995

·         Harvard University, Fellowship in Obstetric Anesthesiology, 1996

Awards and Honors

·         Anesthesia History Association, David M. Little Award (Honorable Mention) for essay, "Pioneers in Epidural Needle Design"

·         Marquis Who's Who in America

·         Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, Research Fellowship 

·         Scientist, Center for Development of Functional Imaging (CDFI) 2006

Professional Societies

·         American Society of Anesthesiologists

·         European  Academy of Anesthesiologists

·         Florida Society of Anesthesiologists

·         International Anesthesia Research Society

·         Society for Neuroscience

Selected Publications

For the most recent list of publications, please see PubMed.

2014  Frölich MA, Banks C, Brooks A, Sellers A, Swain R, Cooper L. Why do pregnant women die? A review of maternal deaths from 1990 to 2010 at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Anesth Analg. 2014 Nov;119(5):1135-9. 

2014  Busettini C and Frölich MA. Effects of mild to moderate sedation on saccadic eye movements. Behavioural Brain Research, 2014.

2014  Frölich MA. Labor epidural fever and chorioamnionitis. International Anesthesiology Clinics. 52:101-9.

2013  Frölich MA, Zhang R, Ness TJ. The effect of sedation on pain perception.  Anesthesiology. 118:611-21.  “We show that midazolam enhances pain perception while propofol or dexmedetomidine have some pain reducing effects. The findings impact on care given during an estimated 45 million annual procedures in the US alone.”   

2012  Frölich MA, Deshpande H, Ness TJ, Corbitt B, Menon R, den Hollander J, Deutsch G. Quantitative changes in regional cerebral blood flow induced by cold, heat and ischemic pain: A continuous arterial spin labeling study.Anesthesiology. 117:857-67. “We show that Brodman are 6 (BA6), part of the supplemental motor cortex, is activated by pain.  The findings suggest that BA6 may be a potential biomarker for pain.”

2012  Frölich MA, Esame A, Wu J, Zhang R, Owen J. What factors affect intrapartum maternal temperature? A prospective cohort study.  Anesthesiology. 117:302-8.  “It has been suggested that epidural analgesia may cause maternal fever and neonatal brain damage.  We refute this theory and show that epidural anesthesia does not cause fever.”          

2012  Frölich MA, Tita T, Harris K. Artifactual severe thrombocytopenia in a pregnant patient. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 286:1335-6

2012   Frölich MA.  Oxytocin for slow progress in the first state of spontaneous labour is not associated with different rates of caesarean or assisted delivery compared with no treatment or delayed use in second stage. Evidence Based Medicine 17:83-4.