In 2013, the World Health Organization stated the need for “research methods to quantify the burden of acute care diseases and injuries.” It went on to describe a new paradigm of care that integrates acute care with preventive and primary care to complete “a health-care system… that fully encompasses all essential aspects of health care delivery.” Few, if any, locations in the healthcare system offer an opportunity for this type of integration other than the emergency department.
The Alabama Acute Care Research and Education Unit has been funded as a member of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) since 2004. ROC is the largest prehospital clinical research consortium in the world, and focuses on research in the areas of prehospital cardiopulmonary arrest and severe traumatic injury. ROC studies are primarily sponsored by the The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Additional funding is provided by the NIH's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, the Institute of Circulatory and Respiratory Health of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Defense Research and Development Canada, the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, and the American Heart Association.
This network continues to conduct groundbreaking prehospital trials that are reshaping the way patients are cared for before reaching the hospital. These collaborative, multicenter trials have resulted in external atrial defibrillation devices (AEDs) being placed in public places throughout the country, have led to improved CPR techniques, and have informed the medical community about optimal use of blood products in trauma patients being transported to the hospital.
In addition to our pre-hospital research efforts, we also conduct studies of patients in the emergency departments at UAB, and further reach into the inpatient units of University Hospital. Learn more about our research studies.