The Behavioral and Community Science Core J (BCSC) supports research on behavioral, environmental, economic, and social HIV/AIDS risk and protective factors in the Deep South. The BCSC has 3 specific aims:
- Bring methodological advances in behavioral and community science to bear on HIV/AIDS research and interventions in Deep South communities disproportionately affected by the shifting epidemic.
- Strengthen and sustain collaborations with key groups to achieve Aim 1, including but not limited to: CFAR Biostatistics and Analysis Core D and Clinical Core C; the UAB Center for the Study of Community Health; and community partners and stakeholders.
- Inform BCSC initiatives by assessment of needs of UAB HIV/AIDS researchers working on behavioral and community science projects.
Examples of research tools that the Behavioral and Community Science Core (BCSC) supports include:
- Venue Enumeration Sampling to select community locations for research recruitment of at-risk groups
- Respondent Driven Sampling to access hard-to-reach populations not amenable to conventional probability sampling
- Telecommunication methods (e.g., Interactive Voice Response systems) for remote monitoring, data collection, and intervention
- Geographic Information Systems mapping of environments, risk indicators, and health-relevant outcomes.
BCSC partners and collaborators include:
- CFAR Biostatistics and Analysis Core D. Community-based studies often address research questions not amenable to RCT designs and require observational, longitudinal, and participatory approaches. The BCSC coordinates with Core D coordinate to support such research.
- CFAR Clinical Core C. The BCSC and Core C collaborate to develop a seamless community-clinic interface for research and intervention addressing linkages encompassed by the HIV/AIDS treatment cascade, a goal of the National AIDS Strategy and CFAR strategic plan.
- UAB Center for the Study of Community Health (CSCH). The CSCH is a University Wide Research Infrastructure Center housing the CDC-funded UAB Prevention Research Center and its Core Research project CITY Health, which involves HIV testing. CSCH projects/services will be coordinated with Core J services to reduce redundancies and maximize resources.
- Community partners. Community-based studies require effective academic-community partnerships. The BCSC interfaces between stakeholders, employs a Community Engagement Coordinator, works with the Jefferson County HIV/AIDS Community Coalition, and provides leadership and training on building relationships.
Austin, E. (2013). Sexual orientation disclosure to health care providers among urban and non-urban Southern lesbians. Women & Health, 53(1), 41-55. [UAB intramural funding]
Austin, E., & Bozick, R. (2012). Sexual orientation, partnership formation, and substance use in the transition to adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41(2), 167-178. [funded by Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality
Boehme, A., Moneyham, L., McLeod, J., Walcott, M., Wright, E. LO., Seals, P., Mugavero, M., Norton, W. E., & Kempf, M. C. (2012). HIV-infected women’s relationships with their health care providers in the rural Deep South: An exploratory study. Health Care for Women International, 33(4), 403-419. [UAB intramural funding]
Blank,A., Amodei, N., Comerford, C. Eastwood, E., Farmer, P., Henderson, T.Kintziger, K., Manian, N., Martorell, C., Matoff-Stepp, S., Reyerson-Espiono, S., Simpson, C., Quinlivan, B., & Xavier, J. (in press). The HIV/AIDS women of color initiative: Improving access to and quality of care for women of color. Journal of the Poor and Underserved.
Clark, C. B., McCullumsmith, C. B., Waesche, M. C., Perkins, A., Islam, A. M., Francis, R., & Cropsey, K. L. (2012). HIV risk characteristics in community corrections. Journal of Addiction Medicine. Dec 6: [Epub ahead of print]
Cheong, J., & Mackinnon, D. P. (2012). Mediation analysis in structural equation modeling. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Handbook of Structural Equation Modeling. New York: Guilford Press. [stats textbook chapter]
Cropsey, K. L., Hendricks, P. S., Jardin, B., Clark, C. B., Katiyar, N., Willig, J., Mugavero, M., Raper, J. L., Saag, M., & Carpenter, M. J. (2013). A pilot study of screening, brief intervention, and referral for treatment (SBIRT) in non-treatment seeking smokers with HIV. Addictive Behaviors, 38(10), 2541-2546. PMCID: PMC3725186.
Dearing, J. W., Norton, W. E., & Larson, S. R. (2013). Next steps in designing for diffusion of pre-exposure prophylaxis: demonstration projects. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(1 Suppl 2), S156-S160. [review]
Dermody, S. S., Marshal, M. P., Cheong, J., Burton, C., Hughes, T., Aranda, F., & Friedman, M.S. (in press). Longitudinal disparities of hazardous drinking between sexual minority and heterosexual individuals from adolescence to young adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
Kim, D. J., Westfall A. O., Chamot, E., Willig, A. L., Mugavero, M. J., Ritchie, C., Burkholder, G. A., Crane H. M., & Raper, J. L., Saag, M. S., & Willig, J. H. (2012). Multimorbidity patterns in HIV infected patients: the role of obesity in chronic disease clustering. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 61(5), 600-605. PMCID: PMC3508375.
Lanzi, R. G. & Ramey, S. L. (2012). The Parenting Responsibilities and Emotional Preparedness (PREP) Screening Tool: A 3-item screen that identifies teen mothers at high risk for non-optimal parenting. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 166(8), 1-7.
MacKinnon, D. P., Cheong, J., & Pirlott, A. G. (2012). Statistical mediation analysis. In H. Cooper (Ed.), APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. [stats textbook chapter]
McClellean-Lemal, E., Toledo, L., O’Daniels, C., Villar, O., Simpson, C. A., Adimora, A., & Marks, G. (in press). A man’s gonna do what a man wants to do: African-American and Hispanic women’s perspectives on their relationships and risk for HIV infection. A qualitative analysis. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.
McClellan, E., O’Daniels, C.M., Marks, G., Villar, O., Doherty, I., Simpson, C.A., Weiss, S., Hanna, B., Adimora, A., White, B., Wheeling, J., & Borkof, J.B. (2012). Sexual risk behaviors among African-American and Hispanic women in five rural counties in the United States 2008-2009. Women’s Health Issues, 22, 9 – 18.
Merlin, J. S., Westfall, A. O., Raper, J. L., Zinski, A., Norton, W. E., Willig, J. H., Gross, R., Ritchie, C., Saag, M. S., & Mugavero, M. J. (2012). Pain, mood, and substance abuse in HIV: Implications for clinic visit utilization, ART adherence, and virologic failure. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 61(2), 164-170. PMCID: PMC3459261
Mugavero, M. J., Lin, H. Y., Allison, J. H., Giordano, T. P., Willig, J. W., Raper, J. L., Wray, N. P., Cole, S. R., Schumacher, J. E., Davies, S., & Saag, M. S. (2009). Racial disparities in HIV virologic failure: Do missed visits matter? Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 50, 100-108. PMCID: PMC2766510
Mugavero, M. J., Amico, K. R., Westfall, A. O., Crane, H. M., Zinski, A., Willig, J. H., Dombrowski, J., Norton, W. E., Raper, J. L., Kitahata, M. M., & Saag, M. S. (2012). Early retention in HIV care and viral load suppression: Implications for a test and treat approach to HIV prevention. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 59(1), 86-93. PMCID: PMC3237801.
Mugavero, M. J., Norton, W. E., & Saag, M. S. (2011). Health care system and policy factors influencing engagement in HIV medical care: Piecing together the fragments of a fractured health care delivery system. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 52(Suppl 2), S238-S246. PMCID: PMC3106258
Mugavero, M. J., Amico, K. R., Horn, T., & Thompson, M. A. (in press). The state of engagement in HIV care in the United States: From cascade to continuum to control. Clinical Infectious Diseases. [review]
Muzny, C., Harbison, H., Pembleton, E., & Austin, E. (2013). Sexual behaviors, perceptions of sexually transmitted infection risk, and practice of safe sex among African American women who have sex with women. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 40(5), 395-400. PMCID: In process.
Norton, W. E. (2012). An exploratory study to examine intentions to adopt an evidence-based HIV linkage-to-care intervention among state health departments AIDS directors in the United States. Implementation Science, 7(27). PMCID: PMC3348078
Norton, W. E., McCannon, C. J., Schall, M., & Mittman, B. S. (2012). A stakeholder-driven agenda for advancing the science and practice of scale-up and spread in health. Implementation Science, 7(118). PMCID: PMC3541125
Norton, W. E., Fisher, J. D., Amico, K. R., Dovidio, J. F., & Johnson, B. T.(2012). Relative efficacy of a pregnancy, STI, or HIV prevention-focused intervention on sexual behavior among older adolescents: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of American College Health, 70(8), 574-582. PMCID: In Process.
Ruan, Y., Pan, S. W., Chamot, E., Qian, H. Z., Li. D., Li, Q., Liang, H., Shao, Y., & Kristensen, S. (2011). Sexual mixing patterns among social networks of HIV-positive and HIV-negative Beijing men who have sex with men: a multilevel comparison using roundtable networkmapping. HIV Care, 10, 1-12.
Schumacher, J. E., McCullumsmith, C., Mugavero, M. J., Ingle-Pang, P. E., Raper, J. L., Willig, J. H., You, Z., Batey, D. S., Crane, H., Lawrence, S. T., Wright, C., Treisman, G., Saag, M. S. (2012). Routine depression screening in an HIV clinic cohort identifies patients with complex psychiatric co-morbidities who show significant response to treatment. AIDS & Behavior. [Epub ahead of print] [industry funding]
Thompson, M. A., Mugavero, M. J., Amico, K. R., Cargill, V. A., Chang, L. W., Gross, R. A., Orrell, C., Altice, F. A., Bangsberg, D. R., Bartlett, J. G., Beckwith, C. G., Dowshen, N., Gordon, C. M., Horn, T., Kumar, P., Scott, J. D., Stirratt, M. J., Remien, R. H., Simoni, J. M., Nachega, J. B. (2012). Guidelines for improving entry into and retention in care and antiretroviral adherence for persons with HIV: Evidence-based recommendations from an IAPAC expert panel. Annals of Internal Medicine, 156, 817-33. [expert panel white paper;]
Tucker, J. A., Blum, E. R., Xie, L., Roth, D. L., Simpson, C. A. (2012). Interactive voice response self-monitoring to assess risk behaviors in rural substance users living with HIV/AIDS. AIDS & Behavior, 16(2), 432-440. PMCID: PMC3264810
Tucker, J. A., Simpson, C. A., Huang, J., Roth, D. L., Stewart, K. A. (2013). Utility of an Interactive voice response self-monitoring to assess antiretroviral pharmacotherapy adherence among substance users living with HIV/AIDS in the rural South. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 27(5), 280-286. PMCID: PMC3651686
Turan, J. M., & Nyblade, L. (2013). HIV-related stigma as a barrier to achievement of global PMTCT and maternal health goals: A review of the evidence. AIDS and Behavior, 17(7), 2528-2539. [review]
Turan, J. M., Hatcher, A. H., Medema-Wijnveen, J., Onono, M., Miller, S., Bukusi, E. A., Turan, B., & Cohen, C. R. (2012). The role of HIV-related stigma in utilization of skilled childbirth services in rural Kenya: A prospective mixed-methods study. PLoS Medicine, 9(8), e1001295. PMCID: PMC3424253.
Turan, J. M., Steinfeld, R., Onono, M., Bukusi, E.A., Woods, M., Shade, S., Washington, S., Marima, R., Penner, J., Ackers, M., Mbori-Ngacha, D., & Cohen, C.R. (2012). The Study of HIV and Antenatal care Integration in pregnancy in Kenya: Design, methods, and baseline results of a cluster-randomized controlled trial. PLoS One, 7(9), e44181. PMCID: PMC3435393.
Waggoner, M., Lanzi, R. G., Klerman, L. V., & the Centers for the Prevention of Child Neglect. (2012). Pregnancy intentions, long-acting contraceptive use, and rapid subsequent pregnancies among teen and adult first-time mothers. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 25(1), 96-104. PMCID: PMC3346287.
Wright,E. L., McGuiness, T., Moneyham, L. D., Schumacher, J. E., Zwerling, A., & Stullenbarger, N. E. (2012). Opioid abuse among nurse anesthetists and anesthesiologists. American Association of Nurse Anesthetists Journal, 80(2),120-128.
Jalie A. Tucker, PhD, MPH
Dr. Tucker, a clinical psychologist with public health experience, has 30 years of NIH-funded substance abuse research that intersects with Core J initiatives, including telehealth (IVR) applications with disadvantaged rural substance users living with HIV/AIDS. Other relevant expertise includes behavioral economic theory and methods for studying health behaviors, the timeframes over which individuals make choices, and motivators of choice; strong measurement skills, particularly behavioral assessment of substance use, related risk factors, and associated contextual features; and population and clinical perspectives on health behavior change strategies. She is Professor and Chair, Department of Health Behavior, School of Public Health (SOPH) and Research Director and PI of the CDC-funded Prevention Research Center core research project CITY Health at the UAB Center for the Study of Community Health.
Cathy A. Simpson, PhD
Dr. Simpson, Associate Professor (part-time), Department of Health Behavior, SOPH, is a clinical psychologist and behavior analyst with expertise in public health applications of behavioral economics. She also is consulting Program Evaluator for the Health Services Center Inc. (HSC), Hobson City, AL, an AIDS Service Organization (ASO) serving 14 counties in rural east Alabama. She has more than a decade of experience working with ASOs and extensive experience with community-based research and evidence-based HIV risk reduction interventions. She oversees the interface essential for effective academic-community partnerships.
Liaison to Biostatistics and Analysis Core D
JeeWon Cheong, PhD
Dr. Cheong is Assistant Professor, Department of Health Behavior, SOPH. She is social and quantitative psychologist who is an expert in mediation and longitudinal modeling as applied to real life data, including HIV behavioral risk factors. She coordinates Core J faculty research needs with the Biostatistics and Analysis Core D.
Susan D. Chandler, MPH, MA
Ms. Chandler holds master's degrees in health behavior and English and is the Program Manager for Core J and the related CITY Health project in the UAB Center for the Study of Community Health Prevention Research Center. She is experienced with publication and grant writing and reporting requirements for NIH, CDC, and SAMHSA, and IRB protocol management. She oversees the implementation of venue enumeration sampling (VES) and respondent driven sampling (RDS) and is experienced with management of RDS-generated network chains and data collection and with IVR applications for data collection and participant reimbursements.
Communty Engagment Coordinator
Mazheruddin M. Mulla, MPH
Mr. Mulla is the Core J Community Engagement Coordinator. He received his degree in health behavior and health education with emphasis on HIV studies. He previously worked with the Alabama Vaccine Clinical Trials Unit recruiting MSM in community settings. For Core J, he develops community-based approaches for locating and recruiting participants at elevated HIV risk; identifies group- and individual-level prevention targets; and meets with groups, organizations, and opinion leaders who can help with engaging target groups, among other community-based activities. He spearheads data-sharing between academic and community partners.
Other Core Key Personnel
Susan D. Chandler, M.P.H., M.A.
912 18th Street South, Room 116
1665 University Blvd
Birmingham AL 35294-1200