The Behavioral and Community Science Core J (BCSC) supports research on behavioral, environmental, economic, and social HIV/AIDS risk and protective factors in the Deep South. The BCSC has 3 specific aims:
- Bring methodological advances in behavioral and community science to bear on HIV/AIDS research and interventions in Deep South communities disproportionately affected by the shifting epidemic.
- Strengthen and sustain collaborations with key groups to achieve Aim 1, including but not limited to: CFAR Biostatistics and Analysis Core D and Clinical Core C; the UAB Center for the Study of Community Health; and community partners and stakeholders.
- Inform BCSC initiatives by assessment of needs of UAB HIV/AIDS researchers working on behavioral and community science projects.
Services We Offer:
- The CFAR Behavioral and Community Science offers services to UAB and community partners who are conducting, or who are interested in conducting, behavioral and community science studies in the areas of HIV prevention and treatment. Our services include:
- Free 1-hour consultations on various topics related to behavioral and community science studies including, but not limited to:
- Study design
- Data collection instrument design, including qualitative interview guide design
- Data analysis and interpretation
- Community acceptability and feasibility of the research
- Linkage to community partners
- Referrals for additional consultations, mentorship opportunities, and linkage to resources
- Seminar series on STI and HIV/AIDS-related topics
- Hands-on methodological workshops to build skills for behavioral and community science research
To request a free 1-hour consultation with one of our Core staff members, please complete our Core Services Request Form
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Onono M, Owuor K, Turan J, Bukusi EA, Gray GE, Cohen CR. The role of maternal, health system, and psychosocial factors in prevention of mother-to-child transmission failure in the era of programmatic scale up in western Kenya: a case control study. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2015 Apr;29(4):204-11. PMID: 25738870 PMCID: PMC4378858
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Spangler S, Onono M, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Turan JM. HIV-positive status disclosure and use of essential PMTCT and maternal health services in rural Kenya. J AIDS. 2014 Dec 1; 67(Suppl 4): S235-42. PMID: 25436823 PMCID: PMC4251910
Williams M, Moneyham L, Kempf MC, Chamot E, Scarinci I. Structural and sociocultural factors associated with cervical cancer screening among HIV-infected African American women in Alabama. AIDS Patient Care STDS. Epub 2014 Dec; 29(1): 13-9.
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Merlin JS, Turan JM, Herbey I, et al. Aberrant Drug-Related Behaviors: A qualitative analysis of medical record documentation in patients referred to an HIV/Chronic pain clinic. Pain Medicine. 2014 Oct;15:1724–33. PMID: 25138608 PMCID: PMC4208944
Muzny CA, Austin EL, Harbison HS, Hook EW. Sexual partnership characteristics of African American women who have sex with women; impact on sexually transmitted infection risk. Sex Transm Dis. 2014 Oct;41(10):611-7. PMID: 25211257
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Bengtson AM, Pence BW, O’Donnell J, et al. Improvements in depression and changes in quality of life among HIV-infected adults. AIDS Care. Epub 2014 Aug 8;27(1):47-53. PMID: 25105320
Piper K, Enah C, Daniel M. Black southern rural adolescents’ HIV stigma, denial, and misconceptions and implications for HIV prevention. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2014 Jun; 52(6):50-6. PMID: 24530218
Edwards M, Quinlivan EB, Bess K, et al. (2014). Implementation of PHQ-9 depression screening for HIV-infected patients in a real-world setting. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2014 May-Jun;25(3):243-52. PMID: 24103743 PMCID: PMC3976873
Onono MA, Cohen CR, Jerop M, Bukusi EA, Turan JM. HIV serostatus and disclosure: implications for infant feeding practice in rural south Nyanza, Kenya. BMC Public Health. 2014 Apr 23;14(1):390. PMID: 24754975 PMCID: PMC4041135
Vance, D. E. (March-April, 2014). Spiritual trajectories of those aging with HIV. Aging Today: The Bimonthly Newspaper of the American Society on Aging, 35(2), 1, 14.
Merlin JS, Walcott M, Herbey I, et al. Qualitative Investigation of a Brief Chronic Pain Screening Tool in HIV-Infected Patients. AIDS Pt Care STDS. 2014; 28(4):176-82. Epub 2014 Mar 12. PMID: 24621145 PMCID: PMC3985507
Merlin JS, Zinski A, Norton WE, et al. A conceptual framework for understanding chronic pain in patients with HIV. Pain Pract. 2014 Mar;14(3):207-16. PMID: 23551857
Rahangdale L, Stewart A, Stewart RD, et al. Pregnancy intentions among women living with HIV in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Mar 1;65(3):306-11.
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Walcott MM, Funkhouser E, Aung M, et al. Gender norms and sexual behaviours among men in western Jamaica. Sex Health. 2014 Mar;11(1):42-51. PMID: 24618497
Van Wagoner N, Mugavero M, Westfall A, et al. Church attendance in men who have sex with men diagnosed with HIV is associated with later presentation for HIV care. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Jan;58(2):295-9. PMID: 24198225 PMCID: PMC3871793
Boehme AK, Davies SL, Moneyham L, Shrestha S, Schumacher J, Kempf MC. A qualitative study on factors impacting HIV care adherence among postpartum HIV-infected women in the rural southeastern USA. AIDS Care. 2014;26(5):574-81. Epub 2013 Oct 14. PMID: 24116662
Konkle-Parker DJ, Amico KR, McKinney VE. Effects of an intervention addressing information, motivation, and behavioral skills on HIV care adherence in a southern clinic cohort. AIDS Care. 2014;26(6):674-83. Epub 2013 Oct 14. PMID: 24116922 PMCID: PMC3943644
Merlin JS, Westfall AO, Chamot E, et al. Pain is independently associated with impaired physical function in HIV-infected patients. Pain Med. 2013 Dec; 14(12):1985-93. PMID: 24119077 PMCID: PMC3886835
Szaflarski M, Vaughn LM, Chambers C, et al. “Engaging Religious Institutions to Address Racial Disparities in HIV/AIDS: A Case of Academic -Community Partnership.” Int J Res on Serv Learn Comm Engage (IJRSLCE). 2014;1(2). http://journals.sfu.ca/iarslce/index.php/journal/article/view/97.
Szaflarski M, Vaughn LM, McLinden D, Wess Y, Ruffner A. (2014) “Mobilizing a Black Faith Community to Address HIV.” Pp. 95-110 in Public Health: Improving Health via Inter-professional Collaborations, Rosemary M. Caron and Joav Merrick (eds.). New York: Nova Science Publishers.
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Turan JM, Hatcher A, Odero M, et al. A community-supported clinic-based program for prevention of violence against pregnant women in rural Kenya. AIDS Research and Treatment. Epub 2013 Apr 30. PMID: 23738056 PMCID: PMC3657417
Turan JM, Nyblade L. Stigma and discrimination as barriers to achievement of global PMTCT and maternal health goals: a review of the evidence. AIDS Behav. Epub 2013 Mar 9. PMID: 23474643
Szaflarski M. “Spirituality and Religion among HIV-Infected Individuals.” Current HIV/AIDS Reports. 2013;10(4):324-332.
Janet M. Turan, PhD and Robin G. Lanzi, PhD, MPH
Dr. Turan (email@example.com) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Health Care Organization and Policy (Maternal and Child Health Concentration). She brings experience in maternal and child health, qualitative and mixed methods research and a unique focus on reducing stigma and discrimination experienced by women living with HIV to the core leadership. She was just awarded an RO1 to study the adverse effects of HIV-related stigma among pregnant women in Kenya. She is also the co-principal investigator for a $1.7 million grant to study ways to eliminate new pediatric HIV infections, saving maternal lives and simplifying antiretroviral therapy implementation. Janet is currently Co-Chair of the Psychosocial and Behavioral Working Group of the Women’s Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) and a leader of a CFAR-IRG on developing and testing interventions to reduce HIV-related stigma and increase HIV testing and engagement in care in Alabama (I.e., Finding Respect and Ending Stigma around HIV (FRESH) Study).
Dr. Lanzi (firstname.lastname@example.org) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Health Behavior and currently serves as Graduate Program Director. She has extensive involvement in research on adolescent reproductive health, including recent involvement in research on HIV/AIDS prevention. She currently has a SBIR grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development titled “Sexually Active Adolescent Focused Education (SAAFE): A Mobile Based Game to Promote Healthy Sexual Practices" that is aimed at developing a consumer friendly HIV/STI prevention application for adolescents. Robin has extensive experience in community-based research, including at the national level as part of the Community Child Health Network (funded by NICHD and NINR) for which she chaired 3 oversight committees. She has had similar roles in other national and state research networks and is involved in community-based research and engagement in the greater Birmingham area.
Dr. Turan is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology. His research examines the mechanisms underlying the relationship between social bonds and well-being. One area of focus is understanding how people use (or do not use) supportive relationships effectively at times of stress and how this affects emotional and physical health. A second area of focus is the effects of negative social evaluation on psychological and physical well-being (particularly hormonal responses including cortisol, testosterone, and alpha amylase reactivity).Recent projects involve applying the construct of fear of negative evaluation to the context of HIV to examine the effects of HIV-related stigma and discrimination among persons living with HIV.
For Core J, Dr. Turan will be offering consultation services for study design, quantitative data collection instrument design, and statistical analysis and data interpretation for behavioral and community science research related to HIV and other STIs. He will also make linkages to CFAR Biostatistics Core D for investigators needing additional biostatical advice.
Samantha Whitfield, MPH
Mrs. Whitfield holds degrees in social psychology and health behavior, both from UAB. She is the program coordinator for Core J as well as for Dr. Turan’s U.S. studies. She assists with planning Core activities, coordinates study recruitment, and creates and amends IRB documents in compliance with University policies. Her primary interests are in minority population health and sexual health education and promotion. She has experience conducting extensive literature reviews, assisting with manuscript writing, managing SPSS databases, facilitating young adult group discussion regarding risky behaviors, and HIV testing and informal counseling.
Community Engagement Coordinator
Since 2002, Mr. Jackson has been a Program Coordinator for federally funded HIV prevention interventions. He has worked extensively in public health communications and has been a consultant on mobilizing communities in the area of HIV and other health disparities for a number of agencies and government entities throughout the United States, including the White House. His experience working with people with culturally diverse backgrounds and focusing on community collaboration has led him to a number of volunteer opportunities and community leadership roles. For Core J, Mr. Jackson creates and maintains community relationships with organizations that specialize in HIV prevention and patient services in the Birmingham and surrounding area. He also attends community events and acts as a representative for Core J in lending support to the community-based organizations and AIDS service organizations in the area.
AnnouncementsOur first fall seminar will be held on Wednesday, August 12th. Dr. Ann Bagchi from Rutgers University will be joining us to facilitate a seminar detailing her team’s HIV stigma-related work: “Addressing HIV-related Stigma in New Jersey Using a Socioecological Perspective.” Time and location to be announced.
Stay tuned for exciting news about recent additions to the Behavioral and Community Science Core team! In the meantime, if you would like to be included on a listserv for 1) the BCSC Core, 2) the Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research Network, or 3) the Faith and Spirituality Network, please contact Samantha Whitfield at email@example.com
- May 2015 Workshop – “A hands-on workshop on community-based participatory research (CBPR)”
- April 2015 Event – Ending AIDS: A Deep South Summit – Birmingham, AL
- March 2015 Workshop – “Geographic Information Services (GIS) mapping for HIV/AIDS research and interventions”
- February 2015 Seminar – “A panel: Innovative mobile applications (mHealth) for HIV/STI programs and research”
- December 2014 Seminar – “A panel on community-based participatory research (CBPR) methods: Lessons from the field & making it work”
- October 2014 Seminar – “Launching a qualitative and mixed methods research network on campus”
- September 2014 Seminar – “An engaging discussion with community organizations working in the area of HIV/AIDS”
Upcoming 2015 HIV Conferences and Meetings
- 8th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, July 19-22, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada – More info (http://www.ias2015.org/}
- 12th International AIDS Impact Conference, July 28-31, Amsterdam, Netherlands – More info (http://www.aidsimpact.com/2015/)
- US Conference on AIDS (USCA), September 10-13, Washington DC – More info (http://nmac.org/2015usca/)
- The North American Housing and HIV/AIDS Research Summit VIII: Tackling the Social Drivers of HIV, September 14-16, Washington DC – More info (http://www.hivhousingsummit.org/home.html)
- 2015 CFAR Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Network (SBSRN) Meeting, October 28-30, Baltimore, MD – More info (http://hopkinscfar.org/news-events/events.detail/2015-cfar-social-and-behavioral-sciences-research-network-conference)
- Association of Nurses in AIDS care (ANAC) Annual Meeting, October 29-31, Chicago, IL – More info (http://www.nursesinaidscare.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageID=4570)
- 2015 Gay Men’s Health Summit, November 5-6, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada – More info (http://pacificaidsnetwork.org/conferencestrainings/2015gaymenshealthsummit)
- 2015 National HIV Prevention Conference, December 6-9, Atlanta, GA – More info (http://www.cdc.gov/nhpc)
Other 2015 Conferences and Meeting
- National Conference on Health Communication, Marketing, and Media, August 11-13, Atlanta, GA – More info (https://www.nphic.org/conferences/2015/nchcmm)
- Global Summit on Telemedicine & eHealth, August 17-19, Houston, TX – More info (http://telemedicine.global-summit.com/)
- American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting, October 31-November 4, Chicago, IL – More info (http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual)
- Office on AIDS, American Psychological Association: http://www.apa.org/pi/aids/index.aspx
- HIV/AIDS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/
- Effective Interventions, HIV Prevention That Works: https://www.effectiveinterventions.org/
- AIDS: http://journals.lww.com/aidsonline/pages/default.aspx
- AIDS & Behavior: http://www.springer.com/public+health/journal/10461
- AIDS Care: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/caic20/current#.Unp2JnCsh8E
- AIDS Education and Prevention: http://guilfordjournals.com/loi/aeap
- AIDS Patient Care and STDs: http://www.liebertpub.com/APC
- Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: http://journals.lww.com/jaids/pages/default.aspx
- Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: http://www.janacnet.org/
- HIV/AIDS-Related National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Funding Opportunity Announcements: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/organization/dar/aids-related-funding-opportunity-announcements-foas.shtm
- HIV/AIDS Funding Announcements, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/policies/funding/announcements/index.html
- Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI): http://www.pcori.org/funding-opportunities/funding-center/
- National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID): http://www.niaid.nih.gov/researchfunding/ann/pages/opps.aspx
BCSC partners and collaborators include:
CFAR Administrative Core
Current synergistic activities include the BCSC directors’ roles on the CFAR Executive Committee and participation in the consolidated United Community Advisory Board (UCAB), consisting of several individual CABs at the 1917 Clinic.
CFAR Biostatistics and Analysis Core
Community-based studies often address research questions not amenable to RCT designs and require observational, longitudinal, and participatory approaches. The BCSC coordinates with Core D coordinate to support such research.
CFAR Clinical Core
The BCSC and Core C collaborate to develop a seamless community-clinic interface for research and intervention addressing linkages encompassed by the HIV treatment cascade, a goal of the National AIDS Strategy and CFAR strategic plan.
CFAR Developmental Core
The Developmental Core is supporting two integral Core J grants related to HIV screening and treatment cascade integration and enhancement, as well as providing funding for an Interdisciplinary Research Group (IRG) focused on offering stigma reduction workshops to PLHA and healthcare workers.
UAB Center for the Study of Community Health (CSCH)
The CSCH is a University Wide Research Infrastructure Center housing the CDC-funded UAB Prevention Research Center and its Core Research project CITY Health, which involves HIV testing. CSCH projects/services will be coordinated with Core J services to reduce redundancies and maximize resources.
Deep South Network for Cancer Control / UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center
Jefferson County Department of Health
Alabama Department of Public Health
Community-based studies require effective academic-community partnerships. The BCSC interfaces between stakeholders, employs a Community Engagement Coordinator, works with the Jefferson County HIV/AIDS Community Coalition, and provides leadership and training on building relationships
For more information about our partnerships with community-based organizations that offer HIV/AIDS services, please see the HIV Organization Map
This map provides information about community-based organizations and AIDS services organizations statewide that are dedicated to prevention of HIV and supporting people living with HIV. Several UAB departments and researchers have already established strong partnerships and are involved in collaborative projects with these organizations. Our goal is to provide you with information about these organizations and appropriate contact information for setting up new community partnerships in research.