Presentations & Publications

Sim_Conf
 
The Pediatric Simulation Center continues to be involved on a national and international level with the simulation community at large. Our research projects, conducted in a highly collaborative environment, are increasingly being accepted as innovative educational initiatives. The Center’s research has been published in the following journals: Pediatrics, American Journal of Medical Genetics, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Critical Care Nurse, Journal of Graduate Medical Education, Medical Teacher, Academic Radiology, American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Prehospital Emergency Care, Pediatric Emergency Care, Clinical Pediatrics, and Medical Science Educator.

Peer Reviewed Publications, Oral Presentations and Workshops, Published Abstracts, Posters

Peer Reviewed Publications

  1. Tofil NM, Manzella B, McGill D, Zinkan JL, White ML. Initiation of a mock code program at a children’s hospital. Med Teach. 2009;31(6):e241-247.
  2. Tofil NM, Benner KW, Worthington M, Zinkan L, White ML. Use of simulation to enhance learning in a pediatric elective.  Am J Pharm Educ. 2010;74(2):21.
  3. Tofil NM, White ML, Grant M, Zinkan JL, Patel B, Jenkins L, Youngblood AQ, Royal SA.  Severe contrast reaction emergencies: High-fidelity simulation training for radiology residents and technologists in a children’s hospital. Acad Radiol. 2010;17(7):934-40.
  4. Tofil NM, Benner KW, Zinkan L, Alten JA, Varisco BM, White ML. Pediatric intensive care simulation course. J Grad Med Educ. 2011;3(1):81-87.
  5. Niebauer JM, White ML, Zinkan JL, Youngblood A, Tofil NM. Hyperventilation in pediatric resuscitation: Performance of code team members at simulated pediatric medical emergencies.  Pediatrics. 2011;128(5):e1195-e1200.
  6. Avis K, Lozano D, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan L, White ML, Tofil NM. High fidelity simulation training for sleep technologists in a pediatric sleep disorders center.  J Clin Sleep Med. 2012;8(1):97-101.
  7. Mitchell MS, White ML, King WD, Wang HE. Paramedic king laryngeal tube airway insertion versus endotracheal intubation in simulated pediatric respiratory arrest. Prehospital Emergency Care. 2012;16(2):284–288.
  8. Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM, White ML. Multidisciplinary simulation in pediatric critical care: The death of a child. Critical Care Nurse. 2012;32(3):55-61.
  9. White ML, Jones RL, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM.  Transfer of simulated lumbar puncture training to the clinical setting. Pediatric Emergency Care.  2012;28(10):1009-12.
  10. White ML, Gilbert S, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM.  High-fidelity pediatric simulation to improve postoperative patient care.  Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. 2013;95:e701-704. PMID:23023465.
  11. Holt RL, Tofil NM,  Hurst C,  Youngblood AQ,  Peterson DT,   Zinkan JL, White ML, Robin N. Utilizing high-fidelity crucial conversation simulation in genetic counseling training. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 2013; Part A 9999:1-5.
  12. Tofil NM, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Rutledge C, Stone J, Peterson DT, Slayton D, Makris C, Magruder T, White ML. Ventilator caregiver education through the use of high fidelity pediatric simulators: A pilot study. Clinical Pediatrics. 2013;52(11):1038-43. doi: 10.1177/0009922813505901.
  13. Tofil NM, Vankineni K, Zinkan JL, Niebauer J, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Harrington K, Peterson DT, White ML. High fidelity simulation enhances learning during a third year medical student pediatric clerkship. Medical Science Educator. 2013;23(3): 313-320.
  14. Tofil NM, Peterson DT, Harrington KF, Perrin BT, Hughes JT, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Bartolucci A, White ML. Fellows as Teachers: A Novel Iterative-Learner Simulation Model. Journal of Graduate Medical Education. In Press.

Oral Presentations & Workshops

  1. Tofil NM, White ML,  Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Fiore C, Mcleod C, Rutherford C.  Simulation on a shoestring: Just do it. 10th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare. Phoenix, AZ, January 2010.
  2. Mitchell MS, White ML, Tofil NM, Zinkan, L, Youngblood AQ, King WD, Wang HE.  Paramedic king airway insertion versus endotracheal intubation in simulated pediatric respiratory arrest.  Oral Presentation for Society of Academic Emergency Medicine Phoenix, AZ, June 2010.
  3. Jones NE, White M, Tofil N, Pickens M, Youngblood A, Zinkan L, Baker M. Disaster medical assistance team training using high fidelity medical simulation.  Oral Presentation for National Association of Emergency Medical Providers, Tucson, AZ, January 2012.  Award for best disaster research presentation.
  4. Zinkan JL, Peterson DT, White ML, Youngblood AQ, Smith G, Parker WT, Tofil NM.  High-fidelity simulation as part of teen trauma prevention program.  Oral Presentation for Society of Trauma Nurses 2012 Annual Conference, Savannah GA, April, 2012.
  5. Soong AD, Hines KC, Evans HH, White ML, Tofil NM, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ. Curriculum regarding grandparent caregivers for pediatric residents. Oral Presentation for the American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, LA, October 2012.
  6. White ML, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Peterson DT, Tofil NM. The day the simulator died -- Using simulation to foster communication about death and dying. 5th International Pediatric Simulation Symposia and Workshops, New York, NY, April 2013.
  7. White ML, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT. One size fits all: Adapting scenarios for non-traditional audiences and varying levels of learning. 5th International Pediatric Simulation Symposia and Workshops, New York, NY, April 2013.
  8. White ML, Tofil NM, Bateman L, O'Neill L, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Dure L, Needham B. Use of high-fidelity simulation to explore pediatric critical care and emergency physicians' communication surrounding end-of-life care. 5th International Pediatric Simulation Symposia and Workshops, New York, NY, April 2013.
  9. White ML, Tofil NM, Joliffe C, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, Yung YY, Bernard D. A simulation course focusing on forensic evidence collection improves pediatric knowledge and standardizes curriculum for child abuse. 5th International Pediatric Simulation Symposia and Workshops, New York, NY, April 2013.
  10. Nassetta LB, Tofil NM, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Eschborn S, Peterson DT, White ML. Diagnostic error in the care of simulated pediatric inpatients. Pediatric Hospital Medicine Conference, New Orleans, LA, August 2013.

Published Abstracts

  1. Tofil NM, Hartig JR, Zinkan L, White, ML. Pediatric intern simulation course focusing on cross cover problems and handoffs. Simul Healthc 2009; 4(5):200.
  2. Zinkan L, Stewart D, White ML, Tofil NM. Integration of high fidelity simulation into an established pediatric code review for newly hired nurses. Simul Healthc 2009; 4(5):180.
  3. Zinkan L, White ML, Tofil NM. High-fidelity simulation as part of a teen trauma prevention program. Simul Healthc 2009; 4(5):179.
  4. White ML, Zinkan L, Tofil NM. Pediatric intern lumbar puncture simulation and correlation to performance in the emergency room. Simul Healthc 2009; 4(5):174.
  5. Tofil NM, Grant MJ, White ML, Zinkan L, Patel B, Jenkins L, Youngblood AQ, Royal SA.  Severe contrast reaction emergencies: high-fidelity simulation training for radiology residents and technologists. Simul Healthc. 2009;4(4):325.
  6. Niebauer JM, White ML, Zinkan JL, Youngblood A, Tofil NM. Hyperventilation in pediatric resuscitation: performance of code team members at simulated pediatric medical emergencies. Ped Crit Care Med. 2010;11(5):663.
  7. Tofil NM, Vankinemi K, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Harrington K, White ML. High-fidelity simulation enhances learning during a third year medical student pediatric clerkship. Sim Healthcare. 2010;5(6):416.
  8. White ML, Jones R, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM. Simulation to improve lumbar puncture performance in pediatrics. Simul Healthc. 2010;5(6):419.
  9. Jones NE, White M, Tofil NM, Pickens M, Youngblood A, Zinkan L, Baker M. Randomized trial comparing two mass casualty triage systems in a simulated pediatric mass casualty incident.  J Investig Med. 2011;59(2):486.
  10. Tofil NM, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, White, ML.  Ventilator caregiver education through the use of high fidelity pediatric simulators.  Sim Healthcare 2011;6(6):384.
  11. Tofil NM, Niebauer JM, Peterson DT, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Lara D, Jakaitis B, Orr M, White ML. Breadth versus Depth? Repeated versus mixed case selection in pediatric resident simulation.  Sim Healthcare 2011;6(6):393.
  12. Tofil NM, Harrington KF, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, Bartolucci AA, White ML Teaching fellows to teach through the use of simulation. Sim Healthcare 2011;6(6):416.
  13. Shirk A, White ML, Tofil NM, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Baker M.  Disaster medical assistance team training using high fidelity medical simulation.  Prehospital Emergency Care 2012;16(1):152-87.
  14. Jones NE, White M, Tofil N, Pickens M, Youngblood A, Zinkan L, Baker M.  Randomized trial comparing two mass casualty triage systems in a simulated pediatric mass casualty incident. Prehospital Emergency Care 2012;16(1):152-87.
  15. Bishop A, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM, White ML. Pediatric medical and trauma resuscitation teamwork survey; J of Investigative Medicine 2012;60(1):312-466.
  16. Tofil NM, King C, Dollar J, Jarrell S, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, White ML. Simulated ventricular fibrillation in an anesthetized pediatric patient. Sim Healthcare 2012;7(6):512.
  17. Tofil NM, Holt L, Peterson DT, Clemons J, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, White ML, Robin N. The use of high fidelity simulation in genetic counseling and genetic medical education. Sim Healthcare 2012;7(6):475.
  18. Tofil NM, Morris J, Peterson DT, Watts P, Leon K, Epps C, Harrington K, Bartolucci A, Pierce C, White ML. Interprofessional high-fidelity simulation training improves knowledge and teamwork in nursing and medical students during internal medicine third year clerkship. Sim Healthcare 2012;7(6):487.
  19. White ML, Tofil NM, Jolliffe C, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Peterson DT, Ying YY, Bernard D. A simulation course focusing on forensic evidence collection improves pediatric knowledge and standardizes curriculum for child abuse. Sim Healthcare 2012;7(6):493.
  20. Nassetta L, Tofil NM, Youngblood A, Zinkan L, Eschborn S, Peterson DT, White ML. Diagnostic Error in the Care of Simulated Pediatric Patients. J of Investigative Medicine 2013; 61(2):36.

Posters

  1. Tofil NM, Hartig JR, Zinkan L, White, ML.  Pediatric intern simulation course focusing on cross cover problems and handoffs.  9th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare. Orlando, FL, January 2009.   
  2. White ML, Zinkan L, Tofil NM.  Pediatric intern lumbar puncture simulation and correlation to performance in the emergency room.   9th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare. Orlando, FL, January 2009.
  3. Zinkan L, Stewart D, White ML, Tofil NM. Integration of high fidelity simulation into an established pediatric code review for newly hired nurses.  9th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare. Orlando, FL, January 2009.
  4. Zinkan L, White ML, Tofil NM.  High-fidelity simulation as part of a teen trauma prevention program. 9th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare. Orlando, FL, January 2009.  
  5. Tofil NM, Grant MJ, White ML, Zinkan L, Patel B, Jenkins L, Youngblood AQ, Royal SA.  Severe contrast reaction emergencies: High-fidelity simulation training for radiology residents and technologists.  10th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, Phoenix, AZ, January 2010.
  6. White ML, Gilbert S, Murray K, Zinkan L, Tofil NM.  Utilization of simulation for medical complications of pediatric orthopedic patients.  10th Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, Phoenix, AZ, January 2010.
  7. Zinkan L, White ML, Youngblood AQ, Smola C, Tofil NM.  Using high fidelity simulation to prepare caregivers of pediatric ventilator dependent children for discharge.  10th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, Phoenix, AZ, January 2010. 
  8. Niebauer JM, White ML, Zinkan JL, Youngblood A, Tofil NM. Hyperventilation in pediatric resuscitation: performance of code team members at simulated pediatric medical emergencies. Pediatric Critical Care Colloquium, Pittsburgh, PA, May 2010.
  9. White ML, Soong AS, Evans HH, Tofil NM.  Geriatric education of pediatric trainees in the high-fidelity simulated patient setting.  International Association of Medical Science Educators, New Orleans, LA, July 2010.
  10. Niebauer JM, White ML, Youngblood A, Zinkan JL, Guice G, Tofil NM.  High-fidelity simulation to improve nurse-physician communication.  11th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, New Orleans, LA, January 2011.
  11. Tofil, NM, Vankineni K,  Zinkan J, Youngblood, AQ,  Harrington K, White ML. High-fidelity simulation enhances learning during a third year medical student pediatric clerkship. 11th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, New Orleans, LA, January 2011.
  12. White ML, Jolliffe C, Youngblood A, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM, Bernard D.  Forensic evidence collection in the simulated setting. 11th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, New Orleans, LA, January 2011.
  13. White ML, Jones R, Youngblood A, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM.  Simulation to improve lumbar puncture performance in pediatrics.  11th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, New Orleans, LA, January 2011.
  14. Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Tofil NM, White ML.  Pediatric death and dying:  an interdisciplinary simulation experience.  NACHRI (National Association of Children’s Hospitals and Related Institutions) 2011 Creating Connections Conference, Baltimore, MD, March 2011.
  15. White ML, Pickens MR, Niebauer JM, Murray K, Smola C, Tofil NM. High-fidelity cross cover simulation course to improve resident documentation.  Associate of Pediatric Program Directors Annual National Meeting, Miami, FL, April 2011. 
  16. 16.  Baker M, Shirk A, Zinkan L, White ML, Tofil NM. Disaster medical team training using high fidelity medical simulation.  2011 Integrated Medical, Public Health, Preparedness and Response Training Summit.  U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Grapevine, TX, May 2011.
  17. Tatum PM, Haubner L, Auerbach M, Soghier L, Barry J, Johnston L, White ML. Pediatric resident neonatal intubation success rates do not improve with current airway education methods: An examination of baseline data for a simulation-based educational intervention.  International Pediatric Simulation Symposia and Workshops, Toulouse, France, October 2011.
  18. White ML,  Zinkan JL, Parker WT, Guice G,  Peterson DT, Youngblood AQ,  Smith G, Tofil NM. High-fidelity human simulation as part of teen trauma prevention program. Injury Free Coalition for Kids 16th Annual Conference, Cincinnati, OH, November 2011.
  19. Tofil NM, Niebauer JM, Peterson DT, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Lara D, Jakaitis B, Orr M, White ML. Breadth versus depth? Repeated versus mixed case selection in pediatric resident simulation. 12th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, San Diego, CA, January 2012.
  20. Tofil NM, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Stone J, Smola C, Hargrave S, Peterson DT, White ML. Ventilator caregiver education through the use of high fidelity pediatric simulators. 12th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, San Diego, CA, January 2012.
  21. Tofil NM, Hughes, JT, Harrington KF, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, Bartolucci AA, White ML. Teaching fellows to teach through the use of simulation. 12th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, San Diego, CA, January 2012.
  22. Shirk A, Baker M, Tofil NM, White ML, Zinkan JL. Disaster medical assistance team training using high fidelity medical simulation. Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, Tucson, AZ, January 2012.
  23. Bishop A, Zinkan L, Tofil NM, White ML. Pediatric medical and trauma resuscitation survey. 2012 Southern Society for Pediatric Research Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, February 2012.
  24. Zinkan JL, Peterson DT, White ML, Youngblood AQ, Smith G, Parker WT, Tofil NM.  High-fidelity simulation as part of teen trauma prevention program.  Society of Trauma Nurses 2012 Annual Conference, Savannah, GA, April 2012.
  25. White ML, Jolliffe C, Youngblood A, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM, Bernard D.  Forensic evidence collection in the simulated setting. Alabama Chapter of International Association of Forensic Nurses IAFN 1st annual Forensic Conference, Gulf Shores, AL, April 2012.
  26. Strachan S, Tofil NM, Zinkan JL, Niebauer JM, Youngblood A, White ML. Development of interactive simulation video cases for medical students in the large group setting. International Association of Medical Science Educators Annual Meeting, Portland, OR June 2012.
  27. Zinkan JL, Youngblood, AQ, Peterson, DT, White ML, Tofil, NM. Pediatric simulation from student to expert. International Nursing Association of Clinical Simulation and Learning Annual Conference, San Antonio, TX, June 2012.
  28. Tofil NM, King C, Dollar J, Jarrell S, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, White ML.  Simulated ventricular fibrillation in an anesthetized pediatric patient. 1st Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2012.
  29. Tofil NM, Holt L, Peterson DT, Clemons J, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, White ML, Robin N. The use of high fidelity simulation in genetic counseling and genetic medical education. 1st Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2012.
  30. Tofil NM, Morris J, Peterson DT, Watts P, Leon K, Epps C, Harrington K, Bartolucci A, Pierce C, White ML. Interprofessional high-fidelity simulation training improves knowledge and teamwork in nursing and medical students during internal medicine third year clerkship. 1st Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2012.
  31. White ML, Tofil NM, Jolliffe C, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Peterson DT, Ying YY, Bernard D. A simulation course focusing on forensic evidence collection improves pediatric knowledge and standardizes curriculum for child abuse. 1st Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2012.
  32. Nassetta L, Tofil NM, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Eschborn S, Peterson DT, White ML. Diagnostic error in the care of simulated pediatric inpatients.  1st Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2012.
  33. Tofil NM, Hughes, JT, Harrington KF, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, Bartolucci AA, White ML. Teaching fellows to teach through the use of simulation. 1st Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2012.
  34. Soong AD, Hines KC, White ML, Tofil NM, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Flood KL, Evans HH. Curriculum regarding grandparent caregivers for pediatric residents. 1st Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2012.
  35. Strachan S, Tofil NM, Zinkan JL, Youngblood A, White ML. Development of interactive simulation video cases for medical students in the large group setting. 1st Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2012.
  36. Tofil NM, King C, Dollar J, Jarrell S, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, White ML.  Simulated ventricular fibrillation in an anesthetized pediatric patient. 13th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, Orlando, FL, January 2013. 
  37. Tofil NM, Holt L, Peterson DT, Clemons J, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, White ML, Robin N. The use of high fidelity simulation in genetic counseling and genetic medical education. 13th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, Orlando, FL, January 2013.
  38. Tofil NM, Morris J, Peterson DT, Watts P, Leon K, Epps C, Harrington K, Bartolucci A, Pierce C, White ML. Interprofessional high-fidelity simulation training improves knowledge and teamwork in nursing and medical students during internal medicine third year clerkship. 13th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, Orlando, FL, January 2013.
  39. White ML, Tofil NM, Jolliffe C, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Peterson DT, Ying YY, Bernard D. A simulation course focusing on forensic evidence collection improves pediatric knowledge and standardizes curriculum for child abuse. 13th Annual Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, Orlando, FL, January 2013.
  40. Tofil NM, Burt H, Peterson DT, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Eberhardt AW, White ML. Development of a cost-effective portable seizure generating device - a medical engineering partnership. 5th International Pediatric Simulation Symposia and Workshops, New York, NY, April 2013.
  41. Zinkan JL, White ML, Rutledge C, Peterson DT, Stone J, Tofil NM. Ventilator caregiver education through the use of high fidelity pediatric simulators: A pilot study. 5th International Pediatric Simulation Symposia and Workshops, New York, NY, April 2013.
  42. Belle A, Watts PI, King J, Brown M, Langston SB, Peterson DT, Epps C, Skipper MW, Prince C, White ML. An Interprofessional Intensive Care Unit Simulation Experience—Laboratory Science, Medicine, Nursing and Respiratory Therapy Students, Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.
  43. Sims N, Dietiker K, Feig D, White ML, Peterson DT, Parks D, Youngblood AQ, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM. A Novel Teaching Mechanism in Nephrology of the Dangers of Hypocalcemia in Chronic Renal Failure, Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.
  44. Franklin D, White ML, Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, Tofil NM. Procedural Skills Training for New Pediatric Interns. Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.
  45. Lewis L, White ML. 3rd Year Resident Self Reporting of Lumbar Puncture Success in Attempt to Quantify Baseline Success Rates, Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.
  46. White ML, Tofil N, Batemen L, O’Neal L, Youngblood A, Zinkan L, Roth C, Dure L, Needham B. Use of High-Fidelity Simulation to Explore Pediatric Critical Care and Emergency Physicians Communication Surrounding End-of-Life Care, Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.
  47. White ML, Scalici P, Gilbert S, Peterson DT, George D, Youngblood A, Zinkan J, Tofil N. An Exploratory Study of Fatigue and Alertness Among Attending Physicians, Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.
  48. Zinkan JL, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, Parsons G, Prier M, Leonard K, Tofil NM, White ML. Perceptions of Simulation at a School Nurse Workshop, Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.
  49. Larson-Williams L, White ML, Youngblood A, Peterson DT, Abdullatif H, Zinkan JL, Tofil NM. Teaching Residents to Diagnose, Treat, and Manage Pediatric Patients with Diabetic Ketoacidosis Using Simulation-Based Education, Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.
  50. Tofil N, Peterson DT, Youngblood A, Zinkan J,Doughton J, Eschborn S, White ML. The Impact of ACGME Resident Work Hour Rules. Submitted to the 2nd Annual Research and Innovations in Medical Education Week – University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, September 2013.

2011 Annual SimWars Competition WinnersSimWars 2011 Champions NOLAAn inter-professional team of nurses and physicians from the Pediatric Simulation Center at the Children's Hospital of Alabama and the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Alabama at Birmingham was the winner of the annual SimWars competition at the 11th Annual International Meeting for Simulation in Healthcare meeting in New Orleans in January 2011.  SimWars is a competition where teams from around the world compete on stage in complex medical simulations.  The competition focuses on teamwork, communication in addition to primarily adult-focused medical therapies. The winners are chosen by both audience response and expert judges.  Members of the team included:  Marjorie Lee White, MD, Amber Youngblood, RN, Julia Niebauer, MD, Lynn Zinkan, RN and Nancy Tofil, MD.