Orthognathic surgery is the surgical alignment of the jaws. Jaw surgery is commonly necessary in facial deformities and orthodontic malocclusion. Many people have jaw asymmetry due to growth abnormalities or trauma. This type of reconstruction requires collaboration with many other specialties.
Almost all cleft/craniofacial deformities have dentofacial issues that need treatment. The surgery of such defects requires bone fixation materials like titanium plates and screws. Newer technology uses resorbable polymers.