Developing an intervention to address physical activity barriers for African-American women in the deep south (USA)
Pekmezi D, Marcus B, Meneses K, Baskin ML, Ard JD, Martin MY, Adams N, Robinson C, Demark-Wahnefried W
AbstractAIM: To address high rates of inactivity and related chronic diseases among African-American women.
MATERIALS & METHODS: Eleven focus groups on physical activity barriers for African-American women in the deep south (USA) were conducted (n = 56). Feedback guided an intervention development process. The resulting Home-Based Individually Tailored Physical Activity Print intervention was vetted with the target population in a 1-month, single arm, pre-post test demonstration trial (n = 10).
RESULTS: Retention was high (90%). Intent-to-treat analyses indicated increases in motivational readiness for physical activity (70% of sample) and physical activity (7-day Physical Activity Recall) from baseline (mean: 89.5 min/week, standard deviation: 61.17) to 1 month (mean: 155 min/week, standard deviation: 100.86). Small improvements in fitness (6-Min Walk Test), weight and psychosocial process measures were also found.
CONCLUSION: Preliminary findings show promise and call for future randomized controlled trials with larger samples to determine efficacy. Such low-cost, high-reach approaches to promoting physical activity have great potential for addressing health disparities and benefiting public health.
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