U.S. Army promotes PhD student Swiger to lieutenant colonel
Jean Kelley Lecture - Save the Date - June 8, 2016
Post-Doc Deborah Ejem explores link between spirituality, health care
Professor David Vance awarded five-year, $2.86-million grant by NIMH
Bowen receives grant for health policy research
PhD students Bahorski, Soistmann receive Ireland Research Travel Award
ONS, HPNA honor Bakitas as palliative care leader
PhD students Bray, Mumbower and Pavicevic named 2016 Jonas Scholars
Improving the health of older African American men in the Deep South

Developing an intervention to address physical activity barriers for African-American women in the deep south (USA)

Pekmezi D, Marcus B, Meneses K, Baskin ML, Ard JD, Martin MY, Adams N, Robinson C, Demark-Wahnefried W

Abstract

AIM: To address high rates of inactivity and related chronic diseases among African-American women.

MATERIALS & METHODS: Eleven focus groups on physical activity barriers for African-American women in the deep south (USA) were conducted (n = 56). Feedback guided an intervention development process. The resulting Home-Based Individually Tailored Physical Activity Print intervention was vetted with the target population in a 1-month, single arm, pre-post test demonstration trial (n = 10).

RESULTS: Retention was high (90%). Intent-to-treat analyses indicated increases in motivational readiness for physical activity (70% of sample) and physical activity (7-day Physical Activity Recall) from baseline (mean: 89.5 min/week, standard deviation: 61.17) to 1 month (mean: 155 min/week, standard deviation: 100.86). Small improvements in fitness (6-Min Walk Test), weight and psychosocial process measures were also found.

CONCLUSION: Preliminary findings show promise and call for future randomized controlled trials with larger samples to determine efficacy. Such low-cost, high-reach approaches to promoting physical activity have great potential for addressing health disparities and benefiting public health.


Link to PubMed