Linda Moneyham, PhD, RN, FAAN
Developing culturally competent cervical cancer interventions
Linda Moneyham, PhD, RN, FAAN, Professor, was recently awarded funding from the UAB Comprehensive Cancer and the Center for AIDS Research to fund her pilot project, “A Cervical Cancer Prevention Intervention for African American Women with HIV”. This research is a significant first step toward development of interventions that are predictably effective in reducing the disparity in cervical cancer among HIV-infected women.
Despite the availability of treatments that are effective in stemming HIV disease progression and increasing longevity, persons living with HIV/AIDS are facing new challenges to their health and longevity due to their high risk for non-AIDS defining co-morbidities such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. HIV-infected women are at much higher risk for cervical cancer than non-infected women, and the subgroup of African American (AA) women with HIV disease are at particularly high risk.
Current evidence indicates that the risk for cervical cancer is greatly reduced for women who engage in regular cervical cancer screening. Currently there are no cervical cancer prevention interventions tailored for women with HIV/AIDS.
Using a focus group approach to data collection, Sixty AA women ages 19 and older will be recruited from community-based HIV/AIDS organizations to participate in focus group discussions. The focus groups will be designed to better understand how this population makes meaning (social construction) of HPV infection, cervical cancer, cervical cancer risk associated with HIV disease, and cervical cancer prevention and screening. Once these findings are analyzed, additional focus groups will be conducted to refine the content regarding intervention development.
Moneyham hopes that this project will lead to further research to test the efficacy of the intervention in reducing cervical cancer in AA women with HIV/AIDS