John P. McCarthy, PT, PhD, CSCS*D, FNSCA, FACSM
Office Phone: 205-934-8623
Office Fax: 205-975-7787
Office Location: SHPB 342
Department(s) and Affiliations
Areas of Research
Exercise Physiology; Optimizing Exercise Interventions for Rehabilitation, Health Promotion, and Human Performance; Aging and Exercise; Childhood Obesity and Exercise
Focus of Research
The major focus of research in this lab centers on optimizing exercise programming to maximize or restore functional performance and the integrity of the musculoskeletal and neuromuscular systems. Studies seek to understand physiological mechanisms explaining functional and health-related enhancements with exercise and which types of exercise and combination of program design variables optimize adaptations.
Experimental approaches have routinely included assessments of cardiovascular function, body composition, and energy expenditure; however the focus of assessments has been and remains on functional performance and skeletal muscle function (i.e., strength, power, muscle endurance, rate of force development, force steadiness, etc.). Measures of skeletal muscle morphology (utilizing magnetic resonance imaging, muscle biopsies, and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry) and neuromuscular function (utilizing electromyography) are also commonly employed.
Owing to the specificity of training effects, a combination of both resistance and aerobic exercise training have long been advocated for optimal health and physical function and is a major area of focus with intervention studies in the lab. Resistance exercise training is also a focus in the lab since this intervention plays such a vital role in enhancing human function, rehabilitation, and prevention of many chronic diseases and disorders. Understanding of functional and health-related adaptations with exercise and linking these adaptations to underlying complementary physiological mechanisms is a key focus in the lab.
Recent and Selected Publications
Ballor, D.L., J.P. McCarthy, and E.J. Wilterdink. Exercise intensity does not affect the composition of diet- and exercise-induced body mass loss. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 51:142-146, 1990.
McCarthy, J.P., J.C. Agre, B.K. Graf, M.A. Pozniak, A.C. Vailas. Compatibility of adaptive responses with combining strength and endurance training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 27:429-436, 1995.
McCarthy, J.P., M.M. Bamman, J.M. Yelle, A.D. LeBlanc, R.M. Rowe, M. C.Greenisen, S.M.C. Lee, E.R. Spector, S.M. Fortney. Resistance exercise training and the orthostatic response. European Journal of Applied Physiology 76:32-40, 1997.
Hunter,G.R., R.L. Weinsier, J.P. McCarthy, D.E. Larson, and B.R. Newcomer. Hemoglobin, Muscle Oxidative Capacity, and VO2max in African American and Caucasian Women. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33:1739-1743, 2001.
McCarthy, J.P., M.A. Pozniak, and J.C. Agre. Neuromuscular Adaptations to Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 34:511-519, 2002.
Larew, K., G.R. Hunter, D.E. Larson-Meyer, B.R. Newcomer, J.P. McCarthy, and R.L. Weinsier. Muscle metabolic function, exercise performance, and weight gain. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 35:230-236, 2003.
Hunter, G.R., J.P. McCarthy, and M.M. Bamman. Effects of resistance training on older adults. Sports Medicine 34:329-348, 2004.
Hunter, G.R., M.M. Bamman, D.E. Larson-Meyer, J.P. McCarthy, T.E. Blaudeau, and B.R. Newcomer. Inverse relationship between exercise economy and oxidative capacity in muscle. European Journal of Applied Physiology 94:558-568, 2005.
McCarthy, J.P., G.R. Hunter, D.E. Larson-Meyer, M.M. Bamman, K.A. Landers, and B.R. Newcomer. Ethnic differences in triceps surae muscle-tendon complex and walking economy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 20:511-518, 2006.
Roy, J.L.P., G.R. Hunter, J.R. Fernandez, J.P. McCarthy, D.E. Larson-Meyer, T.E. Blaudeau, and B.R. Newcomer. Cardiovascular factors explain genetic background differences in VO2max. American Journal of Human Biology 18:454-460, 2006.
Hunter, G.R., J.P. McCarthy, D.R. Bryan, P.A. Zuckerman, M.M. Bamman, and N.M. Byrne. Increased strength and decreased flexibility are related to reduced oxygen cost of walking. European Journal of Applied Physiology 104:895-901, 2008.
Grunte, I, G. R. Hunter, B. Dagostin McCurry, M. S. Bolding, J. L.P. Roy, and J. P. McCarthy. Age and gender differences in hip extension and flexion torque steadiness. Gerontology 56:533-541, 2010.
Hunter, G.R., J.P. McCarthy, M.M. Bamman, D.E. Larson-Meyer, G. Fisher, and B.R. Newcomer. Exercise Economy in African American and European American Women. European Journal of Applied Physiology 111:1863-1869, 2011.
Pabian, P.S., M.J. Kolber, and J.P. McCarthy. Post-rehabilitation strength and conditioning of the shoulder: An interdisciplinary approach. Strength and Conditioning Journal 33(3):42-55, 2011.
Hunter, G.R., K. Konstantina, J.P. McCarthy, W.K. Ogard, M.M. Bamman, D.S. Wood, J.A. Den Hollander, T.E. Blaudeau, and B.R. Newcomer. Tendon length and joint flexibility are related to running economy. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 43:1492-1499, 2011.