The proposed study is a 5-year group randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a theory based culturally relevant intervention focusing on primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer among Latina immigrants. We propose 4 specific aims for the present study:
(1) to conduct a formative evaluation phase to develop a theory-based, culturally relevant intervention to promote primary (sexual risk education) and secondary (pap smear) prevention of cervical cancer among Latina immigrants;
(2) to develop the proposed intervention based on the results of Aim 1 as well as our previous extensive qualitative and quantitative assessments in this population;
(3) to implement the developed intervention among 416 Latina immigrants between the ages of 19 and 50; and
(4) to evaluate the efficacy of such intervention through a group randomized trial.
The primary outcomes will include:
(1) compliance with the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation for cervical cancer screening, i.e., Pap Smear at least every 3 years (measured through self-report and validated through medical records); and
(2) increased partner communication regarding sexual behavior as well as self-efficacy (measured through self report).
Secondary outcome will include: changes in knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding the relationship between the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer.