The UAB Department of Orthodontics is dedicated to researching orthodontic problems through a network of clinicians and scientists. Our clinical and basic laboratory enhance the diagnosis and treatment of these problems. We have research projects in the area of 3D imaging, CBCT Technology, Cleft and Craniofacial Anomalies, TMJ arthritis, root resorbtion and clinical translational sciences. The Department has continuous funding with the NIH and industry totaling almost US$3 Million in the last 5 years.

Recent Publications

  • Journal Publications
    1. Veiszenbacher, É., Wang, J., Davis, M., Waite, P. D., Borbély, P., & Kau, C. H. (2019). Virtual surgical planning: Balancing esthetics, practicality, and anticipated stability in a complex Class III patient. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 156(5), 685-693. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2018.06.021
    2. Oueis, R., Waite, P. D., Wang, J., & Kau, C. H. (2019). Orthodontic-Orthognathic Management of a patient with skeletal class II with bimaxillary protrusion, complicated by vertical maxillary excess: A multi-faceted case report of difficult treatment management issues. International Orthodontics. doi:10.1016/j.ortho.2019.09.002
    3. Launonen, A. M., Aarnivala, H., Kyteas, P., Vuollo, V., Heikkinen, T., Kau, C. H., . . . Valkama, A. M. (2019). A 3D Follow-Up Study of Cranial Asymmetry from Early Infancy to Toddler Age after Preterm versus Term Birth.. J Clin Med, 8(10). doi:10.3390/jcm8101665
    4. Huang, G., Baltuck, C., Funkhouser, E., Wang, H. F., Todoki, L., Finkleman, S., Kau, C.H., . . . Castillo, M. (2019). The National Dental Practice-Based Research Network Adult Anterior Open Bite Study: Treatment recommendations and their association with patient and practitioner characteristics. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 156(3), 312-325. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2019.05.005
    5. Chen, W., C., Chen, Y., Li, Q., & Kau, C. H. (2019). The Esthetic Difference of Chinese Beauty Evaluated by Two Different Human Races Based on Three-Dimensional Average Face Analysis.. J Craniofac Surg, 30(5), 1435-1440. doi:10.1097/SCS.0000000000005316
    6. Wang, J., Veiszenbacher, E., Waite, P. D., & Kau, C. H. (2019). Comprehensive treatment approach for bilateral idiopathic condylar resorption and anterior open bite with customized lingual braces and total joint prostheses. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 156(1), 125-136. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2018.02.017
    7. Wong, M. E., Kau, C. H., Melville, J. C., Patel, T., & Spagnoli, D. B. (2019). Bone Reconstruction Planning Using Computer Technology for Surgical Management of Severe Maxillomandibular Atrophy. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America, 31(3), 457-472. doi:10.1016/j.coms.2019.03.008
    8. Souccar, N. M., Bowen, D. W., Syed, Z., Swain, T. A., Kau, C. H., & Sarver, D. M. (2019). Smile dimensions in adult African American and Caucasian females and males.. Orthod Craniofac Res, 22 Suppl 1, 186-191. doi:10.1111/ocr.12278
    9. Rahman, F., Celebi, A. A., Louis, P. J., & Kau, C. H. (2019). A comprehensive treatment approach for idiopathic condylar resorption and anterior open bite with 3D virtual surgical planning and self-ligated customized lingual appliance. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 155(4), 560-571. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.08.032
    10. Kau, C. H., Wang, J., Palombini, A., Abou-Kheir, N., & Christou, T. (2019). Effect of fluoride dentifrices on white spot lesions during orthodontic treatment: A randomized trial.. Angle Orthod, 89(3), 365-371.doi:10.2319/051818-371.1
    11. Wang, J., Rousso, C., Christensen, B. I., Li, P., Kau, C. H., MacDougall, M., & Lamani, E. (2019). Ethnic differences in the root to crown ratios of the permanent dentition. Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research, 22(2), 99-104.doi:10.1111/ocr.12288
    12. Gidaly, M. P., Tremont, T., Lin, C. P., Kau, C. H., & Souccar, N. M. (2019). Optimal antero-posterior position of the maxillary central incisors and its relationship to the forehead in adult African American females. Angle Orthodontist, 89(1), 123-128. doi:10.2319/120517-833.1
    13. Launonen, A., Maikku, M., Vuollo, V., Pirttiniemi, P., Valkama, A. M., Heikkinen, T., . . . Harila, V. (2018). 3D follow-up study of facial asymmetry after developmental dysplasia of the hip. Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research, 21(3), 146-152. doi:10.1111/ocr.12230
    14. Stoll, M. L., Kau, C. H., Waite, P. D., & Cron, R. Q. (2018). Temporomandibular joint arthritis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis, now what?. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J, 16(1), 32. doi:10.1186/s12969-018-0244-y
    15. Greene, S. L., Kau, C. H., Sittitavornwong, S., Powell, K., Childers, N. K., Macdougall, M., & Lamani, E. (2018). Surgical management and evaluation of the craniofacial growth and morphology in cleidocranial dysplasia. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 29(4), 959-965. doi:10.1097/SCS.0000000000004334
    16. Celebi, A. A., Kau, C. H., Femiano, F., Bucci, L., & Perillo, L. (2017). A Three-Dimensional Anthropometric Evaluation of Facial Morphology.. J Craniofac Surg. doi:10.1097/SCS.0000000000004110
    17. Ozaydin, B., Kau, C., & Celebi, A. (2017). A 3-Dimensional Anthropometric Evaluation of Facial Morphology Among Colombian and Mexican-American Population. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery.
    18. Kau, C. H., Feinberg, K. B., & Christou, T. (2017). Effectiveness of Clear Aligners in Treating Patients with Anterior Open Bite: A Retrospective Analysis.. J Clin Orthod, 51(8), 454-460. Retrieved from
    19. Aslanidou, K., Kau, C. H., Vlachos, C., & Saleh, T. A. (2017). The fabrication of a customized occlusal splint based on the merging of dynamic jaw tracking records, cone beam computed tomography, and CAD-CAM digital impression.. J Orthod Sci, 6(3), 104-109. doi:10.4103/jos.JOS_61_16
    20. Lamani, E., Feinberg, K. B., & Kau, C. H. (2017). Short Root Anomaly - A Potential "Landmine" for Orthodontic and Orthognathic Surgery Treatment of Patients.. Ann Maxillofac Surg, 7(2), 296-299. doi:10.4103/ams.ams_128_16
    21. Patel, K., Kau, C. H., Waite, P. D., & Celebi, A. A. (2017). The Surgical Management of Skeletal Disproportion with Lingual Orthodontics and Three-dimensional Planning.. Ann Maxillofac Surg, 7(1), 112-116. doi:10.4103/ams.ams_55_17
    22. Celebi, A. A., Lee, S. H., & Kau, C. H. (2017). Size discrepancies in molars and first key to optimal occlusion. Eur J Dent, 11(2), 250-252. doi:10.4103/ejd.ejd_339_16
    23. Alkhouri, S., Waite, P. D., Davis, M. B., Lamani, E., & Kau, C. H. (2017). Maxillary Distraction Osteogenesis in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Patients with Rigid External Distraction System.. Ann Maxillofac Surg, 7(1), 57-63. doi:10.4103/ams.ams_174_16
    24. Kyteas, P. G., McKenzie, W. S., Waite, P. D., & Kau, C. H. (2017). Comprehensive treatment approach for condylar hyperplasia and mandibular crowding with custom lingual braces and 2-jaw surgery.. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 151(1), 174-185. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2015.11.032
    25. Kim, J. Y., Kau, C. H., Christou, T., Ovsenik, M., & Guk Park, Y. (2016). Three-dimensional Analysis of Normal Facial Morphologies of Asians and Whites: A Novel Method of Quantitative Analysis.. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open, 4(9), e865. doi:10.1097/GOX.0000000000000853
    26. Vaughan, S. M., Kau, C. H., & Waite, P. D. (2016). Novel Three-Dimensional Understanding of Maxillary Cleft Distraction.. J Craniofac Surg, 27(6), 1462-1464. doi:10.1097/SCS.0000000000002772
    27. Shaffer, J. R., Orlova, E., Lee, M. K., Leslie, E. J., Raffensperger, Z. D., Heike, C. L., . . . Weinberg, S. M. (2016). Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Multiple Loci Influencing Normal Human Facial Morphology.. PLoS Genet, 12(8), e1006149. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1006149
    28. Feinberg, K. B., Souccar, N. M., Kau, C. H., Oster, R. A., & Lawson, N. C. (2016). Translucency, Stain Resistance, and Hardness of Composites Used for Invisalign Attachments.. J Clin Orthod, 50(3), 170-176. Retrieved from
    29. Kesterke, M. J., Raffensperger, Z. D., Heike, C. L., Cunningham, M. L., Hecht, J. T., Kau, C. H., . . . Weinberg, S. M. (2016). Using the 3D Facial Norms Database to investigate craniofacial sexual dimorphism in healthy children, adolescents, and adults.. Biol Sex Differ, 7, 23. doi:10.1186/s13293-016-0076-8
    30. Kheir, N. A., & Kau, C. H. (2016). The use of three-dimensional imaging to evaluate the effect of conventional orthodontic approach in treating a subject with facial asymmetry.. Ann Maxillofac Surg, 6(1), 105-112. doi:10.4103/2231-0746.186138
    31. He, S., Kau, C. H., Liao, L., Kinderknecht, K., Ow, A., & Saleh, T. A. (2016). The use of a dynamic real-time jaw tracking device and cone beam computed tomography simulation.. Ann Maxillofac Surg, 6(1), 113-119. doi:10.4103/2231-0746.186142
    32. Shaughnessy, T., Kantarci, A., Kau, C. H., Skrenes, D., Skrenes, S., & Ma, D. (2016). Intraoral photobiomodulation-induced orthodontic tooth alignment: a preliminary study.. BMC Oral Health, 16, 3. doi:10.1186/s12903-015-0159-7
    33. Ojima, K., & Kau, C. H. (2017). A perspective in accelerated orthodontics with aligner treatment. Seminars in Orthodontics, 23(1), 76-82. doi:10.1053/j.sodo.2016.10.002
    34. Zacharopoulos, G. V., Manios, A., Kau, C. H., Velagrakis, G., Tzanakakis, G. N., & de Bree, E. (2016). Anthropometric Analysis of the Face.. J Craniofac Surg, 27(1), e71-e75. doi:10.1097/SCS.0000000000002231
    35. Weinberg, S. M., Raffensperger, Z. D., Kesterke, M. J., Heike, C. L., Cunningham, M. L., Hecht, J. T., . . . Marazita, M. L. (2016). The 3D Facial Norms Database: Part 1. A Web-Based Craniofacial Anthropometric and Image Repository for the Clinical and Research Community.. Cleft Palate Craniofac J, 53(6), e185-e197. doi: 10.1597/15-199
    36. Hua, F., Deng, L., Kau, C. H., Jiang, H., He, H., & Walsh, T. (2015). Reporting quality of randomized controlled trial abstracts: survey of leading general dental journals.. J Am Dent Assoc, 146(9), 669-678.e1. doi:10.1016/j.adaj.2015.03.020
    37. Kau, C. H., & Bejemir, M. P. (2015). Application of virtual three-dimensional surgery planning in management of open bite with idiopathic condylar resorption.. Ann Maxillofac Surg, 5(2), 249-254. doi:10.4103/2231-0746.175760
    38. Kau, C. H. (2015). The Use of Photobiomodulation in Orthodontics: Some Perspectives on an Extraoral Device. In Expedited Orthodontics.
    39. Liu, Y., Kau, C. H., Talbert, L., & Pan, F. (2014). Three-dimensional analysis of facial morphology.. J Craniofac Surg, 25(5), 1890-1894. doi:10.1097/01.SCS.0000436677.51573.a6
  • Book Publications
    1. Three-Dimensional Imaging for Orthodontics and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chung How Kau, Stephen Richmond, Wiley-Blackwell /2010-12-28 Hardcover / 320 Pages.
    2. Cone Beam CT of the Head and Neck: An Anatomical Atlas, Kenneth Abramovitch, Chung H. Kau, Sherif Galal Kamel, Marko Bozic, Springer /2011-01-06 Paperback / 66 Pages.