MLS 10x 2   MLS 40x 2

Clinical History:

Resection of a 3.5 cm subcutaneous mass from the left hand of a middle-aged man is depicted. What is the most likely cytogenetic abnormality in this tumor? (Brief History)

  1. t(11;22)
  2. t(9;22)
  3. t(7;16)
  4. t(12;16)

The answer is “D”, t(12;16)

This is an example of myxoid liposarcoma. It usually occurs in young adults, mostly arises in the deep soft tissues of the extremities. On histologic sections, the tumor typically has a nodular growth pattern, with a prominent myxoid stroma and delicate, arborizing, “chicken-wire” vasculature, and often contains “pulmonary edema”-like areas. There is a mixture of small, round, blue cells and small, signet-ring lipoblasts. Myxoid liposarcoma is characterized by t(12;16)(q13;p11) that results in FUS-DDIT3 gene fusion, present in >95% of cases. Rarely, t(12;22)(q13;q12) EWSR1-DDIT3 can be seen.

Choices A, B and C are characteristically seen in Ewing Sarcoma, extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma and low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, respectively.

References

  1. Crozat AAman PMandahl NRon D. Fusion of CHOP to a novel RNA-binding protein in human myxoid liposarcoma. Nature. 1993 Jun 17;363(6430):640-4.

  2. Fletcher CDM, Bridge, JA, Hogendoorn PCW, Mertens F. WHO Classification of Tumors of Soft Tissue and Bone. Lyon, France: IARC Press; 2013.