UAB in the News
Research shows sharing of cavity-causing bacteria may not be only from mothers to childrenNew ongoing research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Biology and School of Dentistry is showing more evidence that children may receive oral microbes from other, nonrelative children.Parkinson’s: Mutant Enzyme, α-Synuclein Interaction May Be PreventableResearchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham report that the most common genetic cause of Parkinson’s disease, a mutant form of the LRRK2 enzyme, contributes to the build-up of α-synuclein in neurons — a telltale sign that the nerve cells are destined to die.Blocking specific neuron interaction may slow Parkinson's progressionTwo experimental drugs that block LRRK2 kinase enzyme were shown to lessen aggregations of alpha synuclein protein, which have been shown to play a role in the development of Parkinson's disease, report researchers at the University of Alabama Birmingham.UAB optometrist improves treatment and care for patients with dry eyeKelly Nichols, O.D., Ph.D., a dry eye expert and dean of the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Optometry, conducted research studies for the parent drug company to explore the efficacy and safety of lifitegrast in treating this eye condition that affects more than 16 million adults in the United States.Zebrafish's growing impact on medical researchZebrafish are becoming more and more popular as a research model for human disease. Along with mice and humans, they are one of the most commonly studied animals in biomedical research.Discovery may Lead to Novel Treatment to Slow Progression of Parkinson's DiseaseThe research team has shown that the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease — a mutant LRRK2 kinase enzyme — contributes to the formation of inclusions in neurons, resembling one of the hallmark pathologies seen in Parkinson's disease.UAB professor wants to fight dependence with psychedelicsA new pilot trial at the University of Alabama at Birmingham is examining the potential of a surprising tool for treating cocaine addiction: the psychedelic compound psilocybin.UAB expands partnership with Jefferson State Community CollegeThe University of Alabama at Birmingham has expanded its joint admissions program with Jefferson State Community College to include two new full-tuition scholarships, as well as a reverse transfer credit program.New study increases understanding of chronic fatigue syndromeResearchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine set out to see if CFS symptoms truly were worse after some sort of physical exercise or strain.Checkpoint in B cell development discovered with possible implications on vaccine potencyIn a paper published in the July 14 inaugural issue of the journal Science Immunology, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers report a new quality-control checkpoint function in developing B cells, cells that produce antibodies to protect the body from pathogens.Why women live longer than men"Humans are the only species in which one sex is know to have a ubiquitous survival advantage," the UAB researchers wrote. "Indeed, the sex difference in longevity may be one of the most robust features of human biology."Laundry detergent pods particularly dangerous for childrenNow a new study, published in the journal Injury Prevention, has compared the dangers of laundry pods and standard laundry detergent and found that exposures to the pods are more likely to land a child in the hospital.How Extra-Coding RNAs Regulate DNA Methylation in BrainThe creation or removal of memories in the brain involves addition or removal of methyl groups at precise spots on chromosomal DNA. But what is it that controls the careful targeting of these neuronal DNA methylation dynamics?Harold Ripps makes $500,000 commitment to UAB football operations centerThe UAB Department of Athletics has announced that Harold W. Ripps, a local philanthropist and CEO of Rime Capital Account, Inc., has made a $500,000 commitment to the UAB Athletics Foundation in support of the Football Operations Center.UAB psychologist warns Alabama summers can cause ‘increased anger and aggression’“Tempers get shorter as we get hotter, and we are more likely to react angrily to circumstances that wouldn’t bother us as much if the weather were cooler.”Parkinson's biomarker found in urine, researchers sayResearchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham found the LRRK2 protein is present in the urine of Parkinson's patients, suggesting they can track both the disease and the efficacy of experimental treatments.UAB researchers target Antarctic sponge for promise against deadly MRSA infectionIn the frigid Southern Ocean, off the coast of Antarctica, only the strong survive. “Sponges aren’t protected by shells and they can’t move around,” said James McClintock, Ph.D., Endowed University Professor of Polar and Marine Biology in the UAB College of Arts and Sciences Department of Biology. “When you’re that leaky, you have a constant battle on your hands.”UAB to open new multispecialty clinic at Montgomery hospitalThe new clinic includes urology, gastroenterology, endocrinology and rheumatology specialities and will be located on the first and second floors of the UAB School of Medicine building within the hospital's campus.Genomic Medicine Education Gets $3.5M Boost From NIHCalled the Institutional Training Grant Program in Genomic Medicine, the initiative has awarded $3.5 million in five-year grants to research institutes to provide genomics training to postdoctoral fellows who have earned an MD or PhD.UAB to be first in Alabama to develop proton treatment centerPI focuses on one- or two-room facilities to perform a radiation therapy that targets tumors to cause less damage to surrounding tissues and has fewer side effects.Parkinson's Disease biomarker found in patient urine samplesStored samples of urine and cerebral-spinal fluid from patients with Parkinson's disease hold a brand-new type of biomarker — a phosphorylated protein that correlates with the presence and severity of Parkinson's disease — new research indicatesHow Psychedelic Drugs Could Help Treat AddictionAcross the US and UK, new clinical trials are using psychedelics in an attempt to treat addiction to everything from controlled substances including cocaine to alcohol and cigarettes.Living to 150? Two scientists make a $300 bet with a $500M payoffIn 2000, researchers Steven Austad, now of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and S. Jay Olshansky of the University of Chicago, each bet $150 over whether the first person who could live to age 150 was already born.People Support Ethical Automated Cars That Prioritize The Lives Of Others — Unless They're Riding In OneAs self-driving cars have quickly shifted from the realm of science fiction to the real world, a common debate has surfaced: should your car be programmed to kill you if it means saving the lives of dozens of other people?Art Review: Putting On Identity: María-Magdalena Campos-Pons at AEIVA, BirminghamMaría Magdalena Campos-Pons is one of the most significant artists to come out of post-Revolutionary Cuba—a judgment supported by the powerful presentation of her recent work at the Abroms-Engel Institute for the Visual Arts at the University of Alabama-Birmingham.Why do women outlive men?In a perspective piece published in the journal Cell Metabolism, researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham explored what gives women the survival advantage.Thompson Foundation makes $500,000 commitment to UAB football operations centerThe UAB Department of Athletics has announced that Mike Thompson, President and CEO of Thompson Tractor Co., Inc., has made a $500,000 commitment from his family's foundation in support of the Football Operations Center.An Antarctic sponge offers new hope against deadly MRSA infectionThat's why McClintock, fellow UAB biology professor Chuck Amsler, Ph.D., and Bill Baker, Ph.D., professor at the University of South Florida, have spent the past two decades investigating the defensive mechanisms of marine algae, sponges and other invertebrate species that make their home in Antarctic waters.
Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2016-06-antarctic-sponge-deadly-mrsa-infection.html#jCpAlabama Telehealth Project Focuses on Home Dialysis PatientsRoughly a dozen home dialysis patients in Alabama now have their monthly checkups via telehealth, thanks to a partnership between the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine and the Alabama Department of Public Health.Glycemic markers racially different in adults without diabetesApril P. Carson, PhD, MSPH, an associate professor in the department of epidemiology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and colleagues evaluated data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study on 2,692 adults (5.5% with diagnosed diabetes; 56% white) to determine whether average levels of glycemic markers differ by race.UAB professor receives coveted VA awardYabing Chen, a professor of pathology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, was awarded the VA Research Career Scientist Award from the Department of Veterans Affairs earlier this month.Study to explore role of spirituality among African-Americans with chronic illnessSpirituality plays a central role in many aspects of African-American culture, and University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing postdoctoral scholar Deborah Ejem, Ph.D., will explore how significant a factor it is in the relationships among patients with chronic illnesses and their caregivers and clinicians.When Survivors Garden, Empowerment and Healthier Living BloomsResearchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) shared early and promising results of their randomized trial to test the feasibility of a home-based vegetable gardening intervention known as Harvest4Health during a poster session at the 8th Biennial Cancer Survivorship Research Conference held June 16-18, 2016, in Washington, D.C.UAB gets approval for $20M football ops building, covered practice fieldThe rebirth of UAB's football program took another huge step Friday when the UA system's board of trustees gave final approval for the construction of a $20 million football operations building and covered practice field.Hayley Barber crowned Miss Alabama 2016[Hayley] Barber, 22, was competing in the pageant for the fifth consecutive year. She's a senior marketing major at UAB. She came into the pageant as Miss Shelby County.Renal Function Tests Stratify Risk in Pregnant Women With HTNBaseline renal function tests can stratify the risk of severe preeclampsia in pregnant women with chronic hypertension, according to a study published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.Challenges of custom-engineering living tissue to fix a heartJianyi "Jay" Zhang, M.D., Ph.D., brought his biomedical engineering expertise to the University of Alabama at Birmingham to fix hearts.University of Alabama at Birmingham Receives Cutting-Edge Robot To Diagnose And Support Treatment Of Prostate CancerThe world-renowned iSR’obotTM Mona Lisa makes its way to the United States, providing urologic surgeons with a tool to diagnose prostate cancer earlier through accurate diagnosis and precise localization that may allow for targeted treatments in the future.Tackling hepatitis C infection through emergency department testingUAB physicians say identifying those patients and linking them to appropriate therapy is one successful step in an effort to reduce the infection rate locally. The program can also serve as a model that could one day eradicate hepatitis C in the United States if done on a national scale.Archaeologists discover massive Petra monument that could be 2,150 years old[Christopher] Tuttle collaborated on the research with Sarah Parcak, a self-described "space archaeologist" from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, who used satellites to survey the site.