Inappropriate antibiotic use continues in nation's ERs

er docsThe inappropriate use of antibiotics in emergency departments persists even as concerns about antibiotic resistance continue to mount, says a UAB study published online in the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

Antibiotics are used against bacterial infections and are ineffective against infections caused by viruses. The study, which examined data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2001-2010, found that antibiotics were still prescribed for acute respiratory tract infections such as sinusitis and bronchitis even when those infections were caused by a virus.  Inappropriate antibiotic use is a contributing factor to antibiotic resistance, a growing concern in medicine, according to Baddley.