An analysis of more than three dozen studies found that sex is an important variable for clinicians to include in clinical decision-making and study designs. Sex differences in the severity and composition of carotid atherosclerosis could account for differences in stroke incidence, treatment benefit, and complication rates between men and women, a new study indicates. “These studies need to examine other clinical and lifestyle risk factors in these individuals and prospectively follow the study participants for stroke events, first or recurrent, as well as changes in plaque features," said Virginia Howard, PhD, Distinguished Professor at the UAB School of Public Health.

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