The term “Export Controls” refers collectively to those U.S. laws and regulations that govern the transfer of controlled items, technologies, information, or services to foreign countries (“export”) and/or foreign persons (“deemed export”). Transfers that are considered by the U.S Government to be of critical interest to national security, economy, and/or foreign policy are restricted or may be prohibited altogether.
Export control laws and regulations apply broadly to UAB's work. Examples of university activities that are subject to export control laws and regulations include:
- Traveling overseas on UAB business to attend a conference, conduct field work, or participate in an international symposium
- Collaborating on research with foreign persons - no matter if the foreign person is physically located here in the United States or abroad
- Hosting tours of research facilities for foreign persons
- Conducting research for an embargoed or sanctioned country
- Providing professional services (i.e., consulting) internationally or to problematic end users
- Sending materials or information abroad
Each of the above examples may constitute an "export" that is regulated by the federal government. Such activities may require a license prior to the export or be prohibited altogether. The transfer may be executed by shipping items outside of the United States or through written, oral, electronic, or digital communications to a foreign person or otherwise outside the United States.