James M. Shikany, DrPH

Professor
Division of Preventive Medicine

Contact Information:

Medical Towers 619
1717 11th Avenue South
Birmingham, Alabama 35205
Phone: 205-975-7989
Fax: 205-934-7959
jshikany@uab.edu

Research Interests

Dr. Shikany’s research interests include the association between diet and the epidemiology and prevention of chronic disease (including cancer and cardiovascular disease), with special emphasis on antioxidants, dietary fats, glycemic index/glycemic load, and novel dietary assessment methodologies.

He is a Scientist in the Diabetes Research and Training Center, Center for Aging, Center for Cardiovascular Biology, and Center for Exercise Medicine, and Associate Scientist in the Nutrition Obesity Research Center, Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Minority Health & Research Center at UAB.

Current Research Projects

N01HC95095 (Shikany) 02/01/1989 – 06/30/2018
Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study – Coordinating Center
Coordinating Center for the four-center CARDIA Study. Goal of the CARDIA Study is to assess coronary artery risk factors in healthy 18-30 year olds. Dr. Shikany serves as the principal investigator of the study’s coordinating center.

U01AG042140 (Shikany) 09/30/1999 – 07/31/2018
Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Renewal – Birmingham
The primary goal of this study is to determine the extent to which fracture risk in older men is related to bone mass, bone geometry, lifestyle factors, biochemical measures, fall propensity, and other variables. Dr. Shikany serves as principal investigator of the Birmingham site.

U54MD008620 (Shikany) 07/01/2013 – 06/30/2018           
National Transdisciplinary Collaborative Center for African American Men’s Health
This center seeks to address, through a regional approach, health disparities in conditions affecting African American men on a national scope. The program targets disparities in unintentional and violence-related injuries and chronic diseases in African American men across the life course of this population. The goal is to develop, implement, and evaluate interventions that will improve African American men’s health through research, outreach, and training.

200-2012-52155 (Shikany) 08/27/2012 – 08/26/2014
Assessment of the Proportion of Sodium Intake from a Variety of Sources
The purpose of the study is to determine the amount of salt in food and beverage sources and added salt to foods in healthy adults. Dr. Shikany serves as principal investigator of the Birmingham site.

Educational Background

  • University of California, Los Angeles, DrPH, 1994
  • University of California, Los Angeles, MS, Public Health, 1990
  • Medical University of South Carolina, Physician Assistant, 1982
  • University of California, Davis, BS, Psychology, 1978

Professional Activities

  • Member, American Society for Nutrition; 2005-present
  • Fellow member, American Academy of Physician Assistants; 1983-present

Selected Recent Publications

  • Kaiser KA, Shikany JM, Keating KD, Allison DB. Will reducing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption reduce obesity? Evidence supporting conjecture is strong, but evidence when testing effect is weak. Obesity Rev. 2013;14:620-33. PMID: 23742715
  • Raynor LA, Schreiner PJ, Loria CM, Carr JJ, Pletcher MJ, Shikany JM. Associations of retrospective and concurrent lipid levels with subclinical atherosclerosis prediction after 20 years of follow-up: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Ann Epidemiol. 2013;23:492-7. PMID: 23889858
  • Prentice RL, Pettinger M, Tinker LF, Huang Y, Thomson CA, Johnson KC, Beasley J, Anderson G, Shikany JM, Chlebowski RT, Neuhouser ML. Regression calibration in nutritional epidemiology: example of fat density and total energy in relation to postmenopausal breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Sep 24 [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24064741
  • Vogtmann E, Levitan EB, Hale L, Shikany JM, Shah NA, Endeshaw Y, Lewis CE, Manson JE, Chlebowski RT. Association between sleep and breast cancer incidence among post-menopausal women in the Women’s Health Initiative. Sleep. 2013;36:1437-44. PMID: 24082303; PMCID: PMC3773193
  • Shikany JM, Jacobs DR Jr, Lewis CE, Steffen LM, Sternfeld B, Carnethon MR, Richman JS. Associations among food groups, dietary patterns, and cardiorespiratory fitness in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Oct 2 [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24088719
  • Wassertheil-Smoller S, McGinn AP, Budrys N, Chlebowski R, Ho GY, Johnson KC, Lane DS, Li W, Neuhouser ML, Saquib J, Shikany JM, Song Y, Thomson C. Multivitamin and mineral use and breast cancer mortality in older women with invasive breast cancer in the Women’s Health Initiative. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2013;141:495-505. PMID: 24104882
  • Levitan EB, Lewis CE, Tinker LF, Eaton CB, Ahmed A, Manson JE, Snetselaar LG, Martin LW, Trevisan M, Howard BV, Shikany JM. Mediterranean and DASH diet scores and mortality in women with heart failure: the Women’s Health Initiative. Circ Heart Fail. 2013 Oct 9. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24107587
  • Judd SE, Gutierrez OM, Newby PK, Howard G, Howard VJ, Locher JL, Kissela BM, Shikany JM. Dietary patterns are associated with incident stroke and contribute to excess risk of stroke in Black Americans. Stroke. 2013 Oct 24. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24159061
  • Beasley JM, Shikany JM, Thomson CA. The role of dietary protein intake in the prevention of sarcopenia of aging. Nutr Clin Pract. 2013 Oct 25. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24163319
  • Beasley JM, Wertheim BC, LaCroix AZ, Prentice RL, Neuhouser ML, Tinker LF, Kritchevsky S, Shikany JM, Eaton C, Chen Z, Thomson CA. Biomarker-calibrated protein intake and physical function in the Women’s Health Initiative. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013;61:1863-71. PMID: 24219187

Awards

IOTA Chapter, Delta Omega Public Health Honor Society; elected 1992