Faculty Handbook-3.2 Academic Freedom

Faculty Handbook-3.2 Academic Freedom

Abstract:
This section of the Faculty Handbook defines academic freedom.
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ARP Website
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Faculty
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3.2 Academic Freedom

(This statement was adopted from the American Association of University Professors 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure and 1970 Interpretive Comments.)  

The purpose of this statement is to promote public understanding and support of academic freedom and tenure and agreement upon procedures to assure them in colleges and universities. Institutions of higher education are conducted for the common good and not to further the interest of either the individual teacher or the institution as a whole. The common good depends upon the free search for truth and its free exposition.

Academic freedom is essential to these purposes and applies to both teaching and research. Freedom in research is fundamental to the advancement of truth. Academic freedom in its teaching aspect is fundamental for the protection of the rights of the teacher in teaching and of the student to freedom in learning. It carries with it responsibilities correlative with rights.

Tenure is a means to certain ends: specifically: (1) freedom of teaching and research and of extramural activities, and (2) a sufficient degree of economic security to make the profression attractive to men and women of ability.  Freedom and economic security, hence, tenure, are indispensable to the success of an institution in fulfilling its obligations to its students and to society.

Teachers are entitled to full freedom in research and in the publication of the results, subject to the adequate performance of other academic duties; but research for pecuniary return should be based upon an understanding with the authorities of the institution.

Teachers are entitled to freedom in the classroom in discussing their subject, but they should be careful not to introduce into their teaching controversial matter which has no relation to their subject.  Limitations of academic freedom because of religious or other aims of the institution should be clearly stated in writing at the time of the appointment

College and university teachers are citizens, members of a learned profession, and officers of an educational institution. When they speak or write as citizens, they should be free from institutional censorship or discipline, but their special position in the community imposes special obligations.   As scholars and educational officers, they should remember that the public may judge their profession and their institution by their utterances.  Hence, they should at all times be accurate, should exercise appropriate restraint, should show respect for the opinions of others, and should make every effort to indicate that they are not speaking for the institution.