The new Montgomery campus, which will make use of facilities at Baptist Health, is a collaborative effort among UAB, Baptist Health and the city of Montgomery, and adds to the existing UAB Montgomery Internal Medicine Residency Training Program. Ten third-year medical students will begin taking classes in Montgomery in May 2014; in 2015 the incoming class size will expand to 20.
Most states in the country are dealing with a shortage of physicians. In 2010, Alabama had 3,230 primary care physicians, for a rate of 68.3 per 100,000 people, ranking the state 45th in the country, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges. The shortage is even worse in rural areas. In order to meet the needs of a growing and aging population, the AAMC estimates the country will need 45,000 more primary care physicians and 46,000 more surgeons and specialists by 2020.
â€śThere is a dearth of primary care physicians in the River Region of Central Alabama, and the average age of doctors is over 50,â€ť says Wick Many, M.D., former director of the Montgomery Internal Medicine Residency Program and the newly appointed regional dean of the Montgomery branch campus.
The UAB School of Medicineâ€™s regional campuses were created in large part to meet the need for more primary care physicians in Alabama, and itâ€™s working. At regional campuses in Huntsville and Tuscaloosa, 52 percent of graduates enter primary care. At the main campus in Birmingham, the majority of graduates â€” 74 percent â€” choose non-primary care specialties.
â€śWe are extremely pleased to expand our class size and look forward to attracting even more highly qualified medical students,â€ť says Ray L. Watts, M.D., senior vice president for Medicine at UAB and dean of the UAB School of Medicine. â€śWe are especially glad to be working with Baptist Health and the leadership of Montgomery to bring a regional campus to their area.â€ť
The new campus â€śrepresents an important component and priority of our primary care strategic plan and will have a major impact on health-care delivery in Central Alabama,â€ť Watts says. â€śWe see this as an important responsibility as we strive to provide the best health-care possible for the citizens of Alabama.â€ť
Baptist Medical Center South has served as the primary supporting hospital for the UAB Internal Medicine Residency Program since 1995, notes W. Russell Tyner, president and CEO of Baptist Health. â€śWe have developed a strong partnership over these years and the addition of the regional medical school will further support our commitment to medical education offered at our flagship hospital,â€ť Tyner says. â€śThe partnership aims to increase the qualified candidate pool of physicians that will matriculate into the internal medicine and family practice residency programs at Baptist Medical Center South. We are delighted to be a partner with UAB in expanding medical education and increasing the number of primary care physicians being trained in our state.â€ť
â€śWe are very pleased with UABâ€™s decision to create this program in Montgomery and we feel it will play a vital role in our efforts of physician recruitment and retention,â€ť says Todd Strange, mayor of the city of Montgomery. â€śSeventy-nine percent of third-year medical residents cite geographical location and the lifestyle an area affords as their top considerations when evaluating a practice opportunity. Having both medical school training and residency training in Montgomery gives the River Region a clear advantage.â€ť
Data show that doctors have a tendency to practice where they train: Overall, 44 percent of UAB medical students stay in Alabama for their residencies; 57 percent of graduates from regional campuses stay in Alabama to practice and 30 percent of them practice primary care in the state.
The Montgomery campus will provide an option to stay closer to home for many medical students, Many says. More than 7 percent of medical students at UAB came from Montgomery and the surrounding counties; between 16 percent and 18 percent came from Southeast Alabama. â€śFor these students, choosing the Montgomery campus could help ease their debt burden if they can live at home, and theyâ€™ll have more family support,â€ť Many says.
The Montgomery campus is the realization of a dream by two lions of medicine, Many adds: Tinsley Harrison, M.D., longtime chair of the Department of Medicine at UAB, and J.J. â€śJackâ€ť Kirschenfeld, M.D., a native of New York who was stationed at Montgomeryâ€™s Maxwell Field during World War II and remained in the city to practice medicine after the war. Harrison and Kirschenfeld started an internal medicine residency program in Montgomery in 1969 that eventually became part of UAB.
Both men, Many says, brought resident physicians to Montgomery for training and shared a vision for training students there. Many says the Montgomery campus will emphasize Harrisonâ€™s guiding principle to medical students: being a physician comes with a responsibility to give back to the community.
â€śThere is a social-consciousness aspect of medical school that we will develop,â€ť Many says. â€śStudents have an obligation to give back, as it is indeed a privilege to be a physician.â€ť
About the UAB School of Medicine: With more than 800 medical students and a faculty of more than 1,200, the School of Medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham is part of one of the premier academic medical centers in the United States. UAB is among the top 20 schools in research funding from the National Institutes of Health and is routinely listed among the best in various national rankings. UABâ€™s Medical-Scientist Training Program (M.D./Ph.D.), Rural Medical Scholars Program and Early Medical School Acceptance Program are a few of many innovations on campus, most of which foster collaboration across a multitude of disciplines. As the educational arm of UAB Medicine, the UAB School of Medicine allows students and residents to train in a world-class setting: UAB Hospitalâ€™s 1,200 beds places it in among the largest hospitals in the country. Doctoral students in UABâ€™s Graduate Biomedical Sciences Program participate in interdisciplinary thematic programs that integrate more than 25 departments and 20 research centers across UAB. At the UAB School of Medicine, we discover knowledge that changes the future.