**PHYSICS COURSES****PH 100. Preparatory Physics. 3 Hours.**Designed primarily for students in need of preparation for PH 201 or PH 221. Vectors, kinematics, and dynamics, including conservation laws. Emphasis placed on methods of analyzing physics problems, setting up equations for physics problems, and interpreting information in physics problems.

**PH 191. Co-operative Work Program. 2-3 Hours.**Co-Op Work Program.

**PH 201. College Physics I. 4 Hours.**First term of non-calculus based physics. Linear and planar motion, Newton¿s laws, work and energy, gravitation, momentum, rigid body motion, elasticity, oscillations, waves, sound, fluids, ideal gases, heat and thermodynamics. Lecture and laboratory. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP).

**PH 201L. College Physics Laboratory I. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 201. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 201R. College Physics I Recitation. 0 Hours.**First term of non-calculus based physics. Linear and planar motion, Newton s Law, work and energy, gravitation, momentum, rigid body motion, statics, elasticity, oscillations, waves, sound, fluids, ideal gases, heat,and thermodynamics. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 202. College Physics II. 4 Hours.**Second term of non-calculus based physics. Electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 202L. College Physics Laboratory II. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 202. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 202R. College Physics II - Recitation. 0 Hours.**Second term of non-calculus based physics sequence covering electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 221. General Physics I. 4 Hours.**

First term of introductory, calculus-based general physics sequence covering classical mechanics: measurements, kinematics, vectors, translational and rotational dynamics, work, energy, momentum, statics, oscillatory motion, wave motion, and sound. Lecture and laboratory. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP).

**PH 221L. General Physics Laboratory I. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 221. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 221R. General Physics I Recitation. 0 Hours.**First term of introductory, calculus-based general physics sequence covering classical mechanics: measurements, kinematics, vectors, translational and rotational dynamics, work, energy, momentum, statics, oscillatory motion, wave motion, and sound. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 222. General Physics II. 4 Hours.**Second term of introductory, calculus-based general physics sequence covering electricity and magnetism, Coulomb's Law, electric fields, Gauss' Law, potential, capacitors and dielectrics, Ohm's Law, DC circuits, magnetic fields, Ampere's Law, Biot-Savart Law, Faraday's Law, inductance, AC circuits, geometrical and physical optics. Lecture, Laboratory, and Resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 222L. General Physics Laboratory II. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 222. Lecture, Laboratory, and Resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 222R. General Physics II - Recitation. 0 Hours.**Second term of introductory, calculus-based general physics sequence covering electricity and magnetism, Coulomb's Law, electric fields, Gauss' Law, potential, capacitors, and dielectrics, Ohm's Law, DC circuits, magnetic fields, Ampere's Law, Biot-Savart Law, Faraday's Law, inductance, AC circuits, geometrical and physical optics. Lecture, Laboratory, and Resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 301. Instructional Astronomy I. 4 Hours.**

Survey of selected topics in astronomy of the universe, stellar systems and solar systems with a focus on preparing to teach. Lecture and Laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 301L. Instructional Astronomy Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 301. Lecture and Laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 302. Instructional Physical Science. 4 Hours.**Lecture and discussion in areas of the physical sciences importance to basic scientific literacy and to current technology, with a focus on preparing to teach. Must be taken concurrently with PH 302L.

**PH 302L. Instructional Physical Science Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 302.

**PH 304. Intermediate Mechanics. 3 Hours.**Intermediate treatment of the kinematics and dynamics of classical systems.Presentation of problem solving techniques is emphasized.

**PH 305. Intermediate Electricity and Magnetism. 3 Hours.**Intermediate treatment of electricity and magnetism including fields, potential, induction, Maxwell's equations, circuits. Presentation of problem solving techniques is emphasized.

**PH 331. Classical Thermodynamics. 3 Hours.**Introduction to thermal phenomena on a macroscopic and statistical basic, principles and laws governing them.

**PH 351. Modern Physics I. 4 Hours.**Special relativity, atomic physics, and quantum mechanics. Theoretical and experimental studies to understand observable properties of matter in terms of microscopic constituents. Emphasis on the use of quantitative reasoning to solve modern physics problems. Writing and scientific ethics assignments based on laboratory experiences. Lecture and laboratory. Writing, Quantitative Literacy and Ethics and Civic Responsibility are significant components of this course (QEP).

**PH 351L. Modern Physics I Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 351. Writing, Quantitative Literacy and Ethics and Civic Responsibility are significant components of this course (QEP).

**PH 352. Modern Physics II. 4 Hours.**Atomic, molecular, and solid-state physics; semiconductors, lasers and nanotechnology; nuclear and particle physics; general relativity and cosmology. Emphasis on the use of quantitative reasoning to solve modern physics problems. Writing and scientific ethics assignments based on laboratory experiences. Lecture and laboratory. Writing, Quantitative Literacy and Ethics and Civic Responsibility are significant components of this course (QEP).

**PH 352L. Modern Physics II Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 352. Writing, Quantitative Literacy and Ethics and Civic Responsibility are significant components of this course (QEP).

**PH 397. Directed Reading in Physics I. 2-3 Hours.**Tutorial studies in physics offered by special arrangement. Permission of instructor.

**PH 398. Directed Reading in Physics II. 2-3 Hours.**Tutorial studies in physics offered by special arrangement. Permission of instructor.

**PH 420. Mathematical Methods of Physics I. 3 Hours.**Vector calculus. Curvilinear coordinate systems. Commonly encountered ordinary differential equations and special functions. Complex variables and contour integration. Partial differential equations, including solutions by Green function methods.

**PH 421. Mathematical Methods of Physics II. 3 Hours.**Vector calculus. Curvilinear coordinate systems. Commonly encountered ordinary differential equations and special functions. Complex variables and contour integration. Partial differential equations, including solutions by Green function methods.

**PH 423. Computational Physics. 3 Hours.**Introduces symbolic and numerical computation through examples drawn from classical and modern physics, such as, classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics. Emphasizes computer-based approaches to visualization, solution of ordinary differential equations, evaluation of integrals, and finding roots, eigenvalues, and eigenvectors.

**PH 425. Applications of Contemporary Optics I. 3 Hours.**Applied geometrical and wave optics. Paraxial ray optics, optical matrix theory, aberrations, optical imaging systems, and computer-based optical design. Optical interferometry, diffraction, holography, polarization phenomena, coherence theory, lasers, and Gaussian beam propagation.

**PH 426. Applications of Contemporary Optics II. 3 Hours.**Applied geometrical and wave optics. Paraxial ray optics, optical matrix theory, aberrations, optical imaging systems, and computer-based optical design. Optical interferometry, diffraction, holography, polarization phenomena, coherence theory, lasers, and Gaussian beam propagation.

**PH 427. Geometrical Optics. 4 Hours.**Properties of optical systems. Lenses, mirrors, and stops. Aberrations. Rays and wave fronts. Optical instruments. Aspheric components. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 427L. Geometrical Optics Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 427. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 428. Physical Optics. 4 Hours.**Interference and diffraction phenomena. Emission, propagation, and absorption of radiation. Polarization and dispersion. Stimulated emission. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 428L. Physical Optics Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 428. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 429. Applications of Contemporary Optics III. 3 Hours.**Optical interactions with materials, including nonlinear optical effects, such as birefringence, electro-optics, photoelasticity, crystal optics, acousto-optics, and phase conjugation. Optical spectroscopies, such as spectroscopic instrumentation, lasers as spectroscopic light sources, fluorescence and Raman laser spectroscopy, and applications of laser spectroscopy in chemistry, environmental research, materials science, biology, and medicine.

**PH 432. Statistical Thermodynamics I. 3 Hours.**Statistical basis of laws of thermodynamics. Ensembles and partition functions. Quantum statistics of ideal gases, including photons and electrons. Applications to solids, real gases, liquids, and magnetic systems. Transport theory.

**PH 433. Statistical Thermodynamics II. 3 Hours.**Statistical basis of laws of thermodynamics. Ensembles and partition functions. Quantum statistics of ideal gases, including photons and electrons. Applications to solids, real gases, liquids, and magnetic systems. Transport theory.

**PH 445. Electromagnetic Theory I. 3 Hours.**Electromagnetic theory approached from the standpoint of fields and using Maxwell's equations.

**PH 446. Electromagnetic Theory II. 3 Hours.**Electromagnetic theory approached from the standpoint of fields and using Maxwell's equations.

**PH 450. Introductory Quantum Mechanics I. 3 Hours.**Principles of quantum mechanics and their application to particle waves, angular momentum, tunneling, radiation, and selection rules. Perturbation and variational methods. Successful completion of PH 352 is recommended prior to registering for this class.

**PH 451. Introductory Quantum Mechanics II. 3 Hours.**Principles of quantum mechanics and their application to particle waves, angular momentum, tunneling, radiation, and selection rules. Perturbation and variational methods. Successful completion of PH 352 is recommended prior to registering for this class.

**PH 453. Introductory Solid State Physics I. 3 Hours.**Properties of crystal lattices, lattice dynamics, lattice imperfections, and bonding energies. Electronic properties of dielectrics, semiconductors, and metals. Ferroelectric, magnetic, and optical properties of solids.

**PH 454. Introductory Solid State Physics II. 3 Hours.**Properties of crystal lattices, lattice dynamics, lattice imperfections, and binding energies. Electronic properties of dielectrics, semiconductors,and metals.

**PH 455. Molecular Spectroscopy. 3 Hours.**Molecular Spectroscopy.

**PH 461. Classical Mechanics I. 3 Hours.**Kinematics and dynamics, including central forces, rotating coordinate systems, and generalized coordinates. Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and other equivalent formulations of mechanics.

**PH 462. Classical Mechanics II. 3 Hours.**Kinematics and dynamics, including central forces, rotating coordinate systems, and generalized coordinates. Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and other equivalent formulations of mechanics.

**PH 467. Special Relativity. 3 Hours.**Principles and foundations of special relativity with applications to mechanics and electrodynamics.

**PH 468. General Relativity. 3 Hours.**Gravitational phenomena associated with and resulting from linear field equations. Equivalence principle, its implications of non-linear field, and physical consequences.

**PH 471. Fundamentals of Spectroscopy. 3 Hours.**Explanation of phenomena related to rotational vibration and electronic spectroscopy of atoms and molecules; operational principles of spectroscopic tools including diffraction grating, waveguides and interferometers, basic group theory concepts and notation.

**PH 475. Introduction to Biophysics I. 3 Hours.**Physics of biological systems: proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, supramolecular structures, and molecular motors; structure, function, energetics, thermodynamics, and bio-nanotechnology. Emphasis on systems that are best understood in physical and molecular detail. Systems will direct study, with modern physical methods introduced as needed.

**PH 476. Introduction to Biophysics II. 3 Hours.**Physics of biological systems: proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, supramolecular structures, and molecular motors; structure, function, energetics, thermodynamics, and bio-nanotechnology. Emphasis on systems that are best understood in physical and molecular detail. Systems will direct study, with modern physical methods introduced as needed.

**PH 481. Laser Physics I. 3 Hours.**Physical principles of laser operation and design. Spontaneous and stimulated emission, population inversion, light amplification, laser resonators, Q-switching, mode-locking, pulse shortening techniques, spectral narrowing, and tunable lasers. Individual types of lasers such as gas, solid state, dye, color center, and semiconductor. Practical applications of lasers as well as modern techniques and instrumentation in laser spectroscopy. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 481L. Laser Physics I Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH481. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 482. Laser Physics II. 3 Hours.**Physical principles of laser operation and design. Spontaneous and stimulated emission, population inversion, light amplification, laser resonators, Q-switching, mode-locking, pulse shortening techniques, spectral narrowing, and tunablelasers. Individual types of lasers such as gas, solid state, dye, color center, and semiconductor. Practical applications of lasers as well as modern techniques and instrumentation in laser spectroscopy. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 482L. Laser Physics II Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Laboratory for PH 482. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 485. Laser Spectroscopy. 3 Hours.**Fundamental principles, experimental techniques, instrumentation, and practical applications of laser spectroscopy.

**PH 486. Semiconductor Materials in Modern Technology. 3 Hours.**Brief review of electronic materials with emphasis on traditional and cutting edge silicon technology. Competing and complementary semiconductors covered in standard lecture and seminar style. Materials: compound and tertiary semiconductors, organic semiconductors, and wide bandgap semiconductors. Applications: optical and chemical sensors, microwave electronics, high power electronics, and lasers. Specific applications and materials determined by student interests.

**PH 487. Nanoscale Science and Applications. 3 Hours.**Physics of electronic, mechanical, and biological properties of materials at the nanoscale level approaching one billionth of a meter. The applications of nanoscale materials in electronic, mechanical, and biomedical systems will be emphasized. Special tools in synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials will be discussed.

**PH 490. Preparations for Teaching. 1 Hour.**This class is intended to help teaching assistants prepare for successful teaching experiences. The course will emphasize a foundation of practical knowledge related to expectations and duties shared by teachers in higher education, as well as an opportunity to read, reflect, and discuss current research related to teaching and learning at the university level.

**PH 491. Advanced Physics Laboratory I. 1-4 Hour.**Laboratory investigation of topics of modern physics.

**Laboratory investigation of topics of modern physics.**

PH 492. Advanced Physics Laboratory II. 1-4 Hour.

PH 492. Advanced Physics Laboratory II. 1-4 Hour.

**PH 493. Advanced Physics Laboratory III. 1-4 Hour.**Laboratory investigation of topics of modern physics.

**PH 495. Honors Research. 3 Hours.**Research in an area of active research, under the direction of a faculty sponsor and the Honors Committee. May be repeated.

**PH 498. Directed Research. 1-6 Hour.**Directed Research.

**PH 499. Physics Capstone. 3 Hours.**Instructional sessions, conclusion of research or teaching project and career planning activities aimed at the integration of physics knowledge and competencies in scientific writing, quantitative literacy, and ethics and civic responsibility.

**Astronomy Courses****AST 101. Astronomy of the Universe. 3 Hours.**Survey of the universe of matter and energy. Interpretation of observations to develop a self-consistent view of the universe, basic physical laws and structures, cosmic history and evolution. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP).

**AST 102. Astronomy of Stellar Systems. 3 Hours.**Mechanisms and processes of universe and interrelationships as systems, including nature of stars and galaxies: formation, interior processes, including energy generation, evolution, and galaxies as systems. Lecture and laboratory. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP). Requires concurrent enrollment in AST 112 laboratory.

**AST 103. Astronomy of the Solar System. 3 Hours.**Descriptive and interpretive approach to solar and interplanetary phenomena, comets, and cometary/meteor relationships, asteroids and planetesimals, planetary surfaces, atmospheres, and interior structures. Physical law governing the solar system and quest for understanding its history and evolution, including formation. Lecture. Requires concurrent enrollment in AST 113 laboratory.

**AST 105. Extraterrestrial Life. 3 Hours.**Interdisciplinary treatment (astronomy, chemistry, biology, planetary science, communications, and information sciences) of the universe as habitat, cosmic chemistry of molecules and evolution, environmental requirements, origin and occurrence of life, search for evidence, intelligence, communication, and contact. Lecture and laboratory. Concurrent enrollment in AST 115 laboratory required.

**AST 111. Astronomy of the Universe Laboratory. 1 Hour.**Laboratory experience demonstrates how astronomy is practiced through observation experiences, laboratory experiments, and exercises involving analysis of data. Specific experiences illuminate topics presented in AST 101. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP). Must take with AST 101 to receive credit.

**AST 112. Astronomy of Stellar Systems Laboratory. 1 Hour.**Laboratory experience demonstrates how astronomy is practiced through observation experiences, laboratory experiments, and exercises involving analysis of data. Specific experiences illuminate topics presented in AST 102. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP). Must take with ST 102 to receive credit.

**AST 113. Astronomy of the Solar Systems Laboratory. 1 Hour.**Laboratory experience demonstrates how astronomy is practiced through observation experiences, laboratory experiments, and exercises involving analysis of data. Specific experiments illuminate topics presented in AST 103. Must take AST 103 to receive credit.

**PHS 101. Physical Science. 4 Hours.**Scientific method and hands-on experience with integrated laboratory, discussion, and lecture. Emphasis on the use of quantitative reasoning to solve physical problems. Writing, assignments based on research and laboratory experiences that include collection and interpretation of experimental data. For nonscience majors. Lecture and laboratory. Writing and Quantitative Literacy are significant components of this course (QEP).

**PHS 101L. Physical Science Laboratory. 0 Hours.**Must be taken concurrently with PHS 101 lecture.