UAB Traumatic Brain Injury Model System

TBI Fact Sheets

The UAB-TBIMS offers a series of Information Sheets developed through a collaboration between the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center (MSKTC) and the TBI Model Systems of Care. These fact sheets are written for consumers.

All Infosheets are free to print and disseminate for educational purposes.

Understanding TBI Part 1: What happens to the brain during injury and in the early stages of recovery from TBI?
  Traumatic brain injury (TBI) refers to damage to the brain caused by an external physical force such as a car accident, a gunshot wound to the head, or a fall. Part 1 in this 4 part series. Spanish version (en español)


Understanding TBI Part 2: Brain injury impact on individuals’ functioning
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI) refers to damage to the brain caused by an external physical force such as a car accident, a gunshot wound to the head, or a fall. Part 2 in this 4 part series. Spanish version (en español)


Understanding TBI Part 3: The Recovery Process
  - Traumatic brain injury (TBI) refers to damage to the brain caused by an external physical force such as a car accident, a gunshot wound to the head, or a fall. Part 3 in this 4 part series. Spanish version (en español)


Understanding TBI Part 4: The impact of a recent TBI on family members and what they can do to help with recovery
  - Traumatic brain injury (TBI) refers to damage to the brain caused by an external physical force such as a car accident, a gunshot wound to the head, or a fall. Part 4 in this 4 part series. Spanish version (en español)


Couples’ Relationships after Traumatic Brain Injury

This factsheet will help couples understand some of the common changes they may notice in their relationship after TBI. Also, suggestions are given for ways that couples can address some of the more difficult changes they are experiencing. Spanish version (en español)

Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation
- Inpatient rehabilitation is designed to help you improve function after a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Spanish version (en español)


Cognitive Problems
- Cognition is the act of knowing or thinking. Learn more about cognitive problems with TBI and strategies for addressing them. Spanish version (en español)


Driving
- A brain injury can affect the skills needed to drive safely. Learn more about driving after a brain injury. Spanish version (en español)


Emotional Problems
- A brain injury can change the way people feel or express emotions. Learn more about emotional problems after a brain injury. Spanish version (en español)


Fatigue
- Fatigue is a feeling of exhaustion, tiredness, weariness or lack of energy. Learn more about fatigue in individuals with TBI. Spanish version (en español)


Headaches
- Headache is one of the most common symptoms after traumatic brain injury (often called post-traumatic headache). Spanish version (en español)


Returning to School
- Parental involvement is critical when a young person is returning to school after a traumatic brain injury. Spanish version (en español)


Seizures
- One of the problems that can occur after a traumatic brain injury is seizures. Spanish version (en español)


Sleep
- Many people who have brain injuries suffer from sleep disturbances. Spanish version (en español)


Vegetative & Minimally Conscious States
- Severe brain injury causes a change in consciousness. Brain injury can cause a wide range of disturbances of consciousness. Spanish version (en español)


Alcohol & TBI
-Alcohol use and TBI are closely related. Up to two-thirds of people with TBI have a history of alcohol abuse or risky drinking. Spanish version (en español)


Balance Problems & TBI
- People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) commonly report problems with balance. Spanish version (en español)


Depression
- Depression is a feeling of sadness, loss, despair or hopelessness that does not get better over time and is overwhelming enough to interfere with daily life. Spanish version (en español)


Sexuality
- Changes in sexual functioning are common after TBI. Spanish version (en español)