Pediatric Type 2 diabetes

Alabama, a state with many counties in the United States Diabetes Belt, saw an increase in new-onset Type 2 diabetes among youth during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed the significant increase and indicated that Medicaid enrollees and males were disproportionately affected by the disease.

Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham conducted the retrospective study using data from Children’s of Alabama to look at new Type 2 diabetes cases from March 2017 to March 2021. Prior to the start of the pandemic, the average monthly rate of new pediatric diagnoses was 11.1 new cases. After April 2020, the monthly rate increased to 19.3 new cases.

“Existing studies already showed a worrisome increase in pediatric Type 2 diabetes, specifically among low-income and ethnic minorities,” said Ambika Ashraf, M.D., director of the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes at the UAB Marnix E. Heersink School of Medicine and Children’s and associate director of the Comprehensive Diabetes Center. “Our results suggest the COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbated the concerning trend.”

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