Dr. Carlton Young

Professor
Director, Pancreas Transplantation
Director, Pediatric Renal Transplantation (Children’s of Alabama)
Assistant Dean for Medical Student Diversity and Inclusion

Areas of Interest
kidney transplantation, pancreas transplantation, pediatric renal transplantation, health disparities research

Biography

Since 1997, Dr. Young has been Director of pancreas transplantation at UAB. A native of Pennsylvania, Dr. Young received his undergraduate degree from Villanova University.  He then matriculated to medical school at Johns Hopkins, graduating in 1987. Dr. Young then returned to Philadelphia to complete his general surgical training at Thomas Jefferson University by 1993. He then spent two years at the University of Wisconsin as an abdominal transplant fellow. After graduation in 1995, he spent two years at the University of Arizona Medical Center where he performed the first simultaneous kidney pancreas transplant in the state. UAB became home in 1997. Since that time, aside from growing the kidney and pancreas transplant program, he assumed the directorship of the pediatric renal transplant program in 2011. That program has consistently been one of the top 10 centers for volume of transplants performed on children in the USA.  Dr. Young has also been Assistant Dean for Medical Student Diversity and Inclusion at UAB School of Medicine since 2012. He has been actively involved in numerous transplant organizations and has served as Chair of the United Network of Organ Sharing Minority Affairs Committee. He also remains an ad hoc reviewer for the American Journal of Transplantation. Aside from these duties, Dr. Young has mentored numerous fellows, surgical residents, medical students and undergraduate students.

Dr. Young’s interests include defining and addressing disparity in access to care as well as outcomes seen among minority populations. His clinical research focuses on kidney and pancreas transplant recipients. He is also involved in research pertaining to under-represented minorities in medicine, their access to and retention in medical school.  Lastly, he has active clinical research pertaining to vascular access outcomes.

Society Memberships

American Diabetes Association

Fellow of the American College of Surgeons

American Medical Association

American Society of Transplantation

Medical Association of the State of Alabama

Jefferson County Medical Society

Advisory Committee on Transplantation

American Society of Transplant Surgeons

UNOS Histocompatability Committee (2000-2002)

American Society of Minority Health & Transplant Professionals

National Medical Association

Society of Black Academic Surgeons

Southeastern Surgical Congress, UNOS Minority Affairs Committee (MAC) Chairman (2005-2007)

Assistant Dean for Medical Student Diversity and Inclusion (2013-Present)

Selected Publications

Young CJ, D’Alessandro AM, Sollinger HW, Belzer FO. Living-Related and Unrelated Renal Donation: The University of Wisconsin Perspective. Clinical Transplants. 362-363, 1994.

Kalayoglu M, D’Alessandro AM, Knechtle SJ, Hoffman RM, Pirsch JD, Judd RM, Armbrust M, Spaith E, Pilli G, Young CJ, Geffner SR, Odorico JS, Sollinger HW, and Belzer FO. Preliminary Experience with Split Liver Transplantation. Journal of American College of Surgeons. Vol. 182(5); 381-387, 1996.

Eckhoff DE, McGuire BM, Young CJ, Sellers MT, Frenette LR, Hudson SC, Contreras JL, Bynon S. Race: A Critical Factor in Organ Donation, Patient Referral and Selection, and Orthotopic Liver Transplantation? Liver Transplantation and Surgery. 4(6); 499-505, 1998.


Gaston RS, Hudson SL, Ward M, Jones P, Julian BA, Kew CE, Curtis JJ, Young CJ, Deierhoi MH, Diethelm AG. The Impact of Patient Compliance on Late Allograft Loss in Renal Transplantation (submitted), American Journal of Kidney Disease, November 24, 1998.

Gallichio MH, Hudson S, Young CJ, Diethelm AG, Deierhoi MH, Renal Transplantation at the University of Alabama at Birmingham: Incidence and Outcome, Clinical Transplants, Cecka and Teraski Eds. 169-175, 1998.

Robbin ML, Gallichio MH, Deierhoi MH, Young CJ, Weber TM, Allon M. US Vascular Mapping before Hemodialysis Access Placement. Radiology. 217 (1); 83-88, Oct. 2000.

Young CJ, Gaston RS. Renal Transplantation in Black Americans. The New England Journal of Medicine. Vol. 343 (21); 1545-1552, 2000.

Sellers MT, Gallichio MH, Hudson SL, Young CJ, Bynon JS, Eckhoff DE, Deierhoi MH, Diethelm AG, Thompson JA. Improved Outcomes in Cadaveric Renal Allografts with Pulsatile Preservation. Clinical Transplantation. 14(6); 543-549, 2000.

Sanders PW, Gibbs CL, Akhi KM, Mac-Millian-Crow LA, Zinn KR, Chen YF, Young CJ, Thompson JA. Increased Dietary Salt Accelerates Chronic Allograft Nephropathy in Rats. Kidney International; 59(3): 1149-1157, 2001.

Young CJ, Gaston RS. Disparities in Access to Renal Transplantation for African Americans. Graft: 4(7): 514-518, 2001.

Young CJ, Gaston GS, African Americans and Renal Transplantation: Disproportionate Need, Limited Access, and Impaired Outcomes. American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 323 (2): 94-99, 2002.

Hutchings A, Guay-Woodford L, Thomas J, Young CJ, Purcell WM, Pravica V, Perrey C, Hutchinson IV, Benfield MR. Association of Cytokine Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) with B7 Costimulatory Molecule Express in Kidney Allograft Recipients. Pediatric Transplantation, 6(1): 69-77, 2002.

El-Galley R, Hood N, Young CJ, Deierhoi MH, and Urban DA. Donor Nephrectomy: A Comparison of Techniques and Results for Open, Hand Assisted and Full Laparoscopic Nephrectomy. J of Urology, Vol 171: 40-43, January 2004.


Eckhoff DE, Eckstein C, Smyth CA, Vilatoba M, Bilboa G, Rahmetulla FG, Young CJ, Thompson JA, Chaudry IH, and Contreras JL. Enhanced Isolated Pancreatic Islet Recovery and Functionality in Rats by 17-Estradiol Treatment of Brain Death Donors. Surgery. Vol 136(2). 336-345. August 2004.

Gaston RS, Deierhoi MH, Young CJ, Hunt SL. “High-Risk” Renal Transplantation: Evolving Definitions at a Single Center. Clinical Transplants. 121-126, 2004.

Young CJ, Kew C. Health disparities in transplantation: focus on the complexity and challenge of renal transplantation in African Americans. Med Clin North Am. 2005 Sep; 89(5):1003-1031.

Young CJ and Gaston R. Understanding the Influence of Ethnicity on Renal Allograft Survival, (Editorial) American Journal of Transplantation 5(11): 2603-4, November 2005.

Krishnasami Z, Young CJ, Allon M. Arteriovenous Access Outcomes in Hemodialysis Patients with HIV Infection. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 2007 Feb;22(2):465-70. Epub 2006 Nov 6.

Eckhoff DE, Young CJ, Gaston RS, Fineman SW, Deierhoi MH, Foushee MT, Bron RN, Diethelm AG. Racial disparities in renal allograft survival; a public health issue? J Am Coll Surg. May; 204(5): 894-902, 2007

Maya ID, O’Neal JC, Young CJ, Barker-Finkel J, Allon M. Outcomes of brachiocephalic fistulas, Transposed brachiobasilic fistulas, and upper arm grafts. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. Epub 2008 Oct 22; Jan;4(1):86-92. 2009

Young CJ. Are there still roles for exocrine bladder drainage and portal venous drainage for pancreatic allografts? Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation, Feb; 14 (1):90-4. Review, 2009

KDIGO, et al (Young, CJ.) Clinical Practice Guideline for the Care of Kidney Transplant Recipients. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Transplant Work Group. AJT, Nov; 9 Suppl 3:S1-155, 2009

Fan PY, Ashby VB, Fuller DS, Boulware LE, Kao A, Norman SP, Randall HB, Young CJ, Kalbfleisch JD, and Leichtman AB. Access and Outcomes among Minority Transplant Patients, 1999-2008, with a Focus on Determinants of Kidney Graft Survival. AJT, Vol 10 (Issue 4) (Part 2):1090-1107, 2010

Gaston RS, Young CJ. Living Donor Nephrectomy: Understanding Long-term Risk in Minority Populations. AJT, 10:2574-2576, 2010

Cherikh WS, Young CJ, Kramer BF, Taranto SE, Randall HB, Fan PY. Race and Gender Differences in the Risk of End Stage Renal Disease After Living Kidney Donation. Am J Transplant. 2011 Aug;11(8):1650-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1600- 6143.2011.03609.x. Epub 2011 Jun 14.

Allon M, Litovsky S, Young CJ, Deierhoi MH, Goodman J, Hanaway M, Lockhart ME, Robbin ML. Medial Fibrosis, Vascular Calcification, Intimal Hyperplasia and Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation. Am J Kidney Dis. 2011 Sep;58(3):437-43. Epub 2011 Jun 30.

Abdel-Aal AK, Elsayed A, Saddekni S, Hamed MF, Young C. Endovascular Treatment of Pancreatic Allograft Transplant Arteriovenous Fistula Using Amplatzer Vascular Plug 2. Cardiovascular Interventional Radiology, 2014 Jun; 37(3): 819-24. Epub 2013 Jul 10.

Reed RD, MacLennan PA, Shelton B, Sonnier D, Hanaway m, Goodman J, Young C, Deierhoi M, Locke JE. Outcomes After Right Kidney Living Donor Transplant are Associated with Center Volume. American Journal of Transplantation, 2015: 15 (Suppl 1): 76.

Shelton B, MacLennan PA, Reed RD, Sonnier D, Hanaway M, Goodman J, Young C, Deierhoi M, Locke JE. Center Volume is Associated with Early Graft Failure After Living Donor Kidney Transplantation. American Journal of Transplantation, 2015: 15 (Suppl 1): 70.

Education

Medical School
Johns Hopkins

Residency
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
General Surgery

Fellowship
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Research Fellowship

Fellowship
University of Wisconsin Madison
Transplantation Clinical and Research Fellow

Contact

Campus Address
LHRB 719

Phone
205-934-1393

Email
cyoung@uabmc.edu