discoveries in the making fullWhat if you could share cutting-edge research from tomorrow’s leading scientists with the people who pay for it, participate in it and who will one day benefit from its potential life-saving results?

That is what Discoveries in the Making is all about – putting UAB graduate students and postdoctoral researchers in front of the community to share the exciting things they have found through their research.

Hosted by the University of Alabama at Birmingham Graduate School, Discoveries in the Making seeks to make these amazing new discoveries more available and digestable for the public through a monthly happy hour at The Lumbar. Discoveries speakers present on a variety of topics, including eating disorders, asthma, diabetes, sea turtles, anxiety and PTSD, breast cancer, epilepsy, and more.

Through the efforts of our talented trainees, the Discoveries series enables UAB to share with the Birmingham community our newest knowledge and discoveries in the making.

  • If you are a UAB graduate student or postdoc, you can help make Discoveries a success by volunteering in one or more of the following ways:

    • Apply to become a "Discoveries in the Making Scholar" and present at the Discoveries Happy Hour at The Lumbar.
    • Polish your science communication skills by volunteering to write about a Discoveries presentation for a non-specialized audience. These stories will post on the Discoveries in the Making blog, as well as on social media channels.

    Please direct questions to Kim Eaton at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

    • Fill out the Discoveries Scholar Form. Make sure you talk to your mentor about participating in Discoveries in the Making before submitting your form.
    • Please use the Discoveries in the Making Powerpoint Template. You'll see two already completed introductory slides before the blank title and content slides. Leave Slides 1 and 2 in place at the beginning of the presentation for the purpose of your introduction by Dean McMahon.
    • After you've created your presentation (and practiced at home!), contact Kim Eaton at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to schedule a one-on-one prep session.
    • After you've completed your prep session, we will schedule your presentation.
  • Practice your Discoveries in the Making presentation before you make it by signing up for one of our practice sessions below.

    All of the practice sessions will take place in the Graduate School’s large conference room on the ground floor of Lister Hill Library (directly across from the restrooms).

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Schedule

September 10, 2019

Virginia Camacho

“The bone marrow and beyond: T cells doing it all”
Presented by Virginia Camacho

The immune systems of individuals who suffer from blood cancers, such as leukemia, are often compromised. In many cases, the immune system stops working before the disease develops. This makes it easier for the cancer to expand. Unlike other cancers, leukemia is a liquid tumor, and does not form solid masses. Instead, it affects the cells within bone marrow, which give rise to all other blood cells in the body. The onset of leukemia commonly occurs with increasing age, which is when the immune system generally becomes less effective. Therefore, it is important to evaluate which immune cells are dysregulated during leukemia and how these cells interact with their environment. Camacho examines how immune cells within the bone marrow responds to various challenges and re-shapes this environment in a way that is independent of their immune functions.

Ayushe Sharma

“The seizing brain is on fire”
Presented by Ayushe Sharma

Sharma's research uses brain imaging to measure inflammation in epilepsy patients.

October 8, 2019

Sabrina Heiser

“Diversity matters – even in Antarctica”
Presented by Sabrina Heiser

Pictures of Antarctica often show charismatic animals and stunning landscapes of ice and snow. Hidden beneath the surface of the ocean are diverse seaweed forests and invertebrate communities. Heiser studies the diversity within seaweeds and how they defend themselves against grazers.

Elise Keister

“The modern threat to coral reefs”
Presented by Elise Keister

The unprecedented increase of global temperatures in the past 50 years places susceptible ecosystems in a vulnerable position, as evidenced by the dramatic increase in global bleaching events. Keister is investigating mechanisms corals are already using to withstand high temperatures and temperature stress in both Pacific and Caribbean corals.

November 12, 2019

Valene Garr Barry

“The possibilities of bioimpedance in women's health"
Presented by Valene Garr Barry

Barry's research investigates bioimpedance as a non-invasive, cost-effective method to detect insulin resistance and identify women with conditions such as pre-diabetes, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and infertility.

Taylor Davis

“'Y' are women more anxious?”
Presented by Taylor Davis

Women are more likely to be diagnosed with anxiety and PTSD compared to men. Davis is using animal models to study an important molecule that could be involved in these sex differences.

December 10, 2019

Colleen Anusiewicz

“Causes and consequences of nurse bullying in Alabama hospitals”
Presented by Colleen Anusiewicz

United States healthcare organizations continue to experience pressure to provide safe, high-quality patient care in a constantly evolving healthcare landscape. The presence of workplace bullying in the nursing profession may undermine safety culture in the workplace, potentially affect nursing care and patient outcomes. This presentation will present preliminary findings of the organizational characteristics and patient outcomes associated with nurse-reported workplace bullying in healthcare organizations located throughout Alabama.

Nicole Gallups

“T cells in Multiple System Atrophy: Good guys turned bad?”
Presented by Nicole Gallups

Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) is a neurological condition similar to Parkinson’s disease, but with no treatment options and it is fatal. Gallup's research has shown that the immune system plays an important role in the disease progression. She hopes to provide a possible treatment for MSA by manipulating the immune system.

*All Discoveries Happy Hour sessions start at 6 p.m. at The Lumbar.

Discoveries in the Making Scholars

We can't wait to hear about your research! Follow the instructions below to get ready for your Discoveries in the Making talk.

Preparation

Audience: Unlike when you present to other scholars at a research conference, for Discoveries, you will be talking to members of the general public who are not experts in your academic field. So, be sure that you:

  • Engage them with a “hook” (anecdote, statistic, quote, etc.) that gets their attention in the beginning. Don’t open with a joke, as humor is iffy, and avoid salty language. Personal stories are generally a great way to draw in your audience.
  • Define and/or explain any technical terms. It is also wise to limit technical terms to a few main concepts essential to their understanding of your science. Don’t use jargon.
  • Respect their sensitivities and omit details of experimental processes that they might find objectionable. Explain methods concisely and conceptually, unless they are innovative and interesting. Don’t go into details people can’t understand or appreciate.

Purpose: Unlike when you present findings at a research conference, you are not trying to position your research for publication or funding. For Discoveries, you want to tell the story of your research in a way that communicates its value (and UAB’s) to the public. Focus on one to three important “take-home messages” and package them in a way that is “instructive, interesting and maybe even fun,” as actor and scientific communicator Alan Alda would advise.

Structure & Length: Time your talk to be 10 to 12 minutes. That leaves time for questions from the audience (who may ask questions at any time in the talk). To organize your thoughts, you might try a simple 4-part structure. First, focus on a Situation (current negative or unexplained effects on people, populations, places, systems, etc.). Then explain the underlying Problem that may cause, be linked to, or predict the current Situation. Third, suggest a potential Solution that you have identified in your research question/hypothesis and method. End on an Evaluation of your research that shows implications, i.e. how your findings can improve the situation and lives. You may find it helpful to sketch out or storyboard your talk before you start actually creating slides. The Open Storyboard Worksheet with Prompts illustrates the Situation-Problem-Solution structure that works well for public talks like Discoveries.

Style: Use more pictures, video, and concept images than science charts and graphs, which are not always accessible to the general public. Do not use photos or video of animals in distress, which could offend or disturb your audience. Rule of thumb: Use one main image/idea per slide. Depending on the venue, slides may sometimes be displayed on a TV screen rather than projection screen, which means your slides should be readable even when scaled down on as small as a 32-inch screen. Make text a consistent and readable font and size throughout the slide show (minimum of 24 point for readability). Don’t use bells, whistles, sound effects, irrelevant clip art, etc. Include acknowledgements and sources where applicable.

Examples: Watch a few TED Talks to see how leading scientists communicate with the general public. Think about structure, content and delivery as you watch this Ted Talk given by UAB's own Dr. Sarah Parcak. Find more great science talks:

Presentation

Please use the Discoveries in the Making Powerpoint Template for your presentation. Leave Slides 1 and 2 in the template in place at the beginning of the presentation for the purpose of your introduction by Dean McMahon.

Think like your audience, and remember to focus on visuals instead of text as much as possible. If you get stuck or have questions along the way, feel free to contact Kim Eaton at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Practice both with your slides and without. You never know what technical problems could arise, and you should be able to give your presentation regardless. Practice your talk in front of the mirror, in front of friendly fans, and on video. Get feedback. Revise and practice some more.

Prep Session

When you have your presentation ready (and have already submitted your Scholar Form), email Kim Eaton at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to schedule your one-on-one prep session. One or more members of the Discoveries team will give you feedback on your presentation and offer revision tips as needed.

Delivery

  • Arrive at least 15 minutes early, test the equipment, run through your presentation.
  • Bring your slides on a thumb drive (the Graduate School or venue will provide a computer for you on which to open your presentation as well as a wireless slide advancer). Email a copy of your presentation to yourself in case of technical difficulties, etc.
  • Conduct an audience check by looking for familiar faces, presence of children, etc.
  • Pace yourself. Speak up and speak clearly. No rushing, but stick to your time limit.
  • Avoid jargon and slang.
  • Make eye contact and smile. Keep your tone conversational.
  • Relax and have fun!

Here are some tips for answering questions during and after your talk:

  • Anticipate questions and prepare possible answers.
  • Pause before taking questions at the end of your talk. (Remember that audience members may ask questions during your talk, too.)
  • Direct your responses to the entire audience.
  • If no one asks a question, prompt them with, “Has anyone had experience with…?”
  • Keep answers brief—no unnecessary details. Offer to continue dialogue after the talk.
  • If someone disagrees, don’t appear to be defensive.
  • If you don’t understand the question, ask for clarification.
  • It’s OK to say I don’t know the answer to that question.

Discoveries in the Making Writers

If you are interested in becoming a Discoveries in the Making writer, email a few writing samples to Kim Eaton at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. All students will need to complete a one-on-one writing session before they are assigned to cover a Discoveries session.

Assignment

Your goal as a Discoveries in the Making writer is to describe each speaker’s research for a lay audience in a way that is interesting and engaging to the reader. Check out these resources and models to get started:

Photos

Take at least one quality photo of your assigned speaker. (Cell phone photos are fine.) The photo(s) can be taken before, during, or after the event. You may choose to take a posed photo of the speaker and/or snapshots while the speaker is presenting their research or talking to the public before or afterward. Make the file name(s) include the name of the speaker.

Video

You may also shoot video (again, cell phone video is fine; just make sure you turn your phone on its side to shoot in landscape mode), but video is not required. Videos should be no longer than 4 minutes.

Post Length & Format

Your post should be 700 to 800 words, submitted as a Word document or Google Doc with no special formatting. (Your post will be copied and pasted as plain text, which means it will lose any special formatting.) Do not use tabs at the beginning of new paragraphs; instead, put a return between each paragraph. If your post contains links, do not embed hyperlinks within the text. Instead, put the full URL in parentheses beside the word(s) that should be hyperlinked.

Submission

You must email your post to the speaker about whom you wrote (copying Kim Eaton at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) within four days of the event. Email your final draft to Kim within 7 days of the event. When you are ready to submit, email the Word doc and the JPG photo(s) to Kim Eaton at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Kim will publish your post and photos with your byline and photo credit(s) on the Discoveries blog, as well as on the Graduate School’s social media platforms.

Sample email:

Hi [Name],
I have attached my blog post about your Discoveries in the Making talk on [date]. Could you check the article for factual accuracy before we publish it? Because the story must be a certain length, please do not rewrite text or add to the current word count if you have corrections. Feel free to send any necessary corrections using Word’s track-changes feature. Please reply-all (making sure that Kim Eaton – This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. – is in the CC line) within three days to let me know if there are any factual corrections needed.

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